Tamilnadu Map

TamilNadu Map HD Download [2023]

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TamilNadu Map HD Download

Download Tamilnadu Map in HD, Download Tamilnadu Map with District Name in HD, Download TamilNadu Map Images In HD, Download Tamilnadu Outline Map in HD.

TamilNadu Map Outline HD Download

Tamilnadu Map outline
Tamilnadu Map outline

TamilNadu Map with District Name HD Download

Tamilnadu Map with District name
Tamilnadu Map with District name

TamilNadu Map Images HD Download

Tamilnadu Map Images
Tamilnadu Map Images

Tamil Nadu National Parks

national park in tamil nadu
national park in tamil nadu

Read full about National Park in Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu

The State of Tamil Nadu is quite ancient. Although early Sangam texts include historical references, only the Pallavas have a written history.

The Cholas, the Cheras, and the Pandyas dominated the southern states of India for centuries. In the second part of the fourth century A.D., the Pallavas were the dominant power. They established the renowned Dravidian style of temple architecture. In the 10th century, the later Cholas, under Vijayalaya and Aditya, established themselves under the reign of the final Pallava emperor, Aparajita. Tamil Nadu was dominated by many kingdoms around the end of the 11th century, including the Chalukyas, Cholas, and Pandyas. During the subsequent two centuries, the imperial Cholas dominated South India.

By the middle of the 14th century, Muslims had progressively increased their authority, resulting in the foundation of the Bahamani Sultanate. Simultaneously, the Vijayanagar Kingdom rapidly solidified and expanded its influence over the entirety of South India, and by the end of the century, Vijayanagar had become the preeminent force in the South. However, it fell at the Battle of Talikota in 1564 to the Deccan Sultans’ coalition armies.

Even during the chaotic time that followed the battle of Talikota, European business interests emerged as competitors in the South India region. The Portuguese, the Dutch, the French, and the English developed commercial centres known as “Factories” in rapid succession. The East India Company, which founded a factory at Masulipatnam (now Andhra Pradesh) in 1611, rapidly conquered territory by fomenting animosity among the indigenous rulers.

Tamil Nadu was one of the earliest British colonies established in India. The State is the successor of the former Madras Presidency, which in 1901 comprised the majority of the southern peninsula. Later, the composite Madras State was reorganised into present-day Tamil Nadu.

Tamil Nadu is bordered by Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka to the north, Kerala to the west, the Bay of Bengal to the east, and the Indian Ocean to the South.

Agriculture in Tamil Nadu

Agriculture is the predominant industry in Tamil Nadu. In 2007-08, the total cultivated area in the State was 56,10 million hectares. The primary food crops are rice, millet, and pulses. Sugarcane, cotton, sunflower, coconut, cashew, chilli peppers, gingelly, and peanut are examples of commercial crops. Tea, coffee, cardamom, and rubber are the plantations’ crops. Principal forest products include lumber, sandalwood, wood pulp, and fuel wood. Tamil Nadu is the leader in the manufacture and widespread application of bio-fertilisers. In order to raise yields in the State’s low-rainfall regions, efforts are being made to improve agricultural technology. The annual food grain output in 2007-08 was 100.35 million metric tonnes.

Minerals and Business in Tamil Nadu

Cotton, heavy commercial vehicles, auto components, railway coaches, power pumps, leather tanning industries, cement, sugar, paper, autos, and safety matches are the State’s major industries.

Knowledge-based sectors, such as I.T. and Biotechnology, have been the focus of the Tamil Nadu industrial landscape. In Tharamani, Chennai, TIDEL, a software technology park, has been developed. The State’s software exports, which totalled Rs. 20,700 crores in 2006-07, are anticipated to surpass Rs. 25,000 crores in 2007-08. Leading I.T. and telecom firms, including Nokia, Motorola, Foxconn, Flextronics, and Dell, have begun manufacturing.

Hyundai Motors, Ford, Hindustan Motors, and Mitsubishi have inaugurated production facilities. In Chennai, Ashok Leyland and TAFE have established expansion plants.

The State’s primary mineral resources include granite, lignite, and limestone. The State is a major exporter of tanned skin and leather products, yarn, tea, coffee, spices, engineering goods, tobacco, handcrafted items, and black granite. Tamil Nadu produces sixty per cent of India’s tanning industry.

Irrigation in Tamil Nadu

Important irrigation schemes and modernisation of existing Periyar Vaigai System, Palar Basin System, and Parambikulam-Aliyar System, as well as minor systems in Vellar, Pennayar, Araniyar, Amaravathi, and Chithar basins, totalling six lakh acres of existing ayacut in Tamil Nadu, have benefited from the ‘System Improvement and Farmers Turnover Projects’ carried out with the aid of the World Bank. Six hundred twenty tanks maintained by the Public Works Department and located in the Palar, Vaigai, and Tamaraparani Basins have been selected for rehabilitation and improvement as part of the WRCP.

The tank irrigation system, which accounts for one-third of the irrigated area in Tamil Nadu, has been accorded due regard for development. The State has been the first to execute the system of “River basin management” by a single body comprised of officials, farmers, and other basin members. In the beginning, Basin Management Boards were established for the Palar and Tamaraparani basins.

Power in Tamil Nadu

The State’s total installed electrical capacity is 8,249 MW. State Sector installed capacity is 5,288 MW, whereas Private Sector installed capacity is 1,058 MW. In addition, 1,903 MW are available as a share from the Central Sector.

Transport in Tamil Nadu

The length of the road network in Tamil Nadu is 1,93,918 kilometres.

Railroads: The entire length of the railways is 4,181 kilometres, with Chennai, Madurai, Tiruchirapalli, Coimbatore, and Tirunelveli serving as the principal connections.

As the southern region’s international airport, Chennai is the primary hub for airline services. In addition, Tiruchirapalli, Madurai, Coimbatore, and Salem also have airports.

The State’s principal ports are Chennai and Tuticorin. Seven other small ports exist, including Cuddalore and Nagapattinam.

Festivals in Tamil Nadu

Bharatnatyam Dance

Pongal is the harvest festival celebrated by farmers in January to give thanks for a bountiful crop by worshipping the sun, the ground, and the cattle. In some regions of southern Tamil Nadu, the Pongal celebration is followed by the Jallikattu bullfight. Alanganallur, located in Tamil Nadu, is renowned globally for Jallikattu – bullfighting. Madurai’s Chithirai festival is a stunning recreation of the wedding of Pandiyan princess Meenakshi and Lord Sundareswarar. Adipperukku is a celebration observed on the banks of rivers on the 18th day of the Tamil month, Adi. It signifies the beginning of new farming activities.

The amazing monolithic rock sculptures of the Pallavas, located next to the sea in this ancient city of Mamallapuram, were sculpted thirteen centuries ago in front of an open-air stage for the Mamallapuram Dance Festival. Bharatha Natyam, Kuchipudi, Kathakali, and Odissi are a few dance genres alongside traditional dances that are given by the finest practitioners of the art. The temple city of Chidambaram pays particular homage to Lord Nataraja, the “Cosmic Dancer,” during the Natyanjali Dance Festival.

Once every 12 years, the Mahamagam Festival attracts pilgrims to Kumbakonam, the temple city whose name derives from Kumbha, the heavenly pot. The summer festival is celebrated annually in the “Queen of Hill Stations,” evergreen Ooty, gorgeous Kodaikkanal, or salubrious Yercaud. The Kanthuri Festival is a secular celebration in which worshippers throng to the shrine of Saint Quadirwali. One of the Saint’s descendants is selected as a Peer or spiritual leader and is honoured with gifts. On the tenth day of the celebration, sandalwood is used to anoint the Saint’s grave, and the holy sandal paste is then distributed to everyone.

The most famous mythology surrounding the chapel is that of the shipwrecked Portuguese sailors who, in the 16th century, swore to construct a magnificent shrine for the Blessed Virgin Mary in gratitude for saving their lives during a severe storm. The Velankanni event draws tens of thousands of orange-robed participants to the hallowed site where the ship landed. Equally renowned are the miraculous healing abilities of the Virgin Mary, which have earned the church the moniker “Lourdes of the East.”

The Navarathiri Festival, whose name literally translates to “nine nights” festival, is celebrated in a variety of ways across India to appease the goddess Sakthi for strength, money, and wisdom. Karthigai Deepam, the Festival of Lights in Tamil Nadu, is signified by rows of gleaming clay lamps placed in front of every home and by the raucous explosion of firecrackers. In December, Chennai’s Song Festival honours her precious heritage of Carnatic music and dance by presenting a galaxy of old and new star performers.

Tourist Centres in Tamil Nadu

Meenakshi Temple, Madurai

Chennai, Mamallapuram, Poompuhar, Kancheepuram, Kumbakonam, Dharasuram, Chidambaram, Tiruvannamalai, Srirangam, Madurai, Rameswaram, Tirunelveli, Kanniyakumari, Thanjavur, Velankanni, Nagoor, Chithannavasal, Kazhugumalai (monument centres), Courtallam, Hogenakkal, Papanasam, Suruli (water-falls), Ooty (Udhagamandalam), Kodaikanal, Yercaud, Elagiri Kolli Hills (hill stations), Guindy (Chennai), Mudumalai, Annamalai, Mundanthurai, Kalakad (wildlife sanctuaries).

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