The government of India had notified a total of 32 Elephant Reserves in India ( Source MoEF). The total elephant population in India is 27312 ( Latest Census in 2017 ).
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- Scientific name Elephas maximus
- The government of India in 2010 declared Elephant as the National heritage animal of India.
India has the largest number of wild Asian elephants in the whole world, estimated population of Indian elephant is 27,312 according to the 2017 census, about 55% of the species’ global population. They range in 32 Elephant Reserves spread over 10 elephant landscapes, covering about 65,270 sq km of forests in northeast, central, northwest and south India. But these reserves areas are not exclusive to Elephants, because Elephant Reserves include areas of human use and habitation unless the Elephant Reserve lie inside an already protected Reserve Forests or the Protected Area network, Elephant Reserves are not legally protected habitats exclusively in themselves.
Indian elephants spend the maximum part of their day in feeding and they are great wanderers. They also produce lots of dung along their path, this helps to disperse germinating seeds. Indian elephants feed mainly on grasses, along with large amounts of tree bark, roots, leaves and small stems. Cultivated crops such as bananas, rice and sugarcane are favoured foods of Indian elephants. Since they need to drink at least once a day, they wander along a path that is always closer to a source of freshwater.
- Endangered in IUCN Red List
- Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972
- Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Flora and Fauna (CITES)
Elephants Population in India
In 2017 a population of 27312 elephants has been estimated from 23 states in India.
The Indian elephant is mostly found in the following parts of India, in the central and southern Western Ghats, eastern India, northeast India and northern India and some parts of southern peninsular India.
Elephant Reserves in India 2021
|S. No||State||Polpulation of Elephants 2017||Elephant Reserve||Total Area (Sq. Km.)|
|Kaziranga-Karbi Anglong ER||3270|
|4||Tamil Nadu||2761||Nilgiri ER||4663|
|South Orissa ER||4216|
|7||Meghalaya||1754||Garo Hills ER||3500|
|8||Arunachal Pradesh||1614||Kameng ER||1892|
|South Arunachal ER||1957.5|
|9||West Bengal||682||Mayurjharna ER||414|
|Eastern Dooars ER||978|
|11||Chhattishgarh||247||Badalkhol - Tamorpingla ER||1048.3|
|12||Uttar Pradesh||232||Uttar Pradesh ER||744|
|13||Andhra Pradesh||65||Rayala ER||766|
|17||Andaman & Nicobars||19||----|
Elephant Reserves in India Map
Elephant corridor in India
As land for elephants is shrinking day by day the ‘elephant corridors’ becomes very important. As forest lands are continuously lost, these narrow, linear patches of forest and vegetation form the vital natural habitat linkages between larger forest patches. These elephants corridors provide the passage route for elephants to move between their secure habitats freely, without being disturbed by humans. Elephant corridors are also critical for other wildlife species including India’s endangered National Animal, the Royal Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris) as they also utilise this path for their movements.
Elephant Corridor Definition
Elephants Corridors are a narrow and short stretch of the forest through which the Elephants can move freely without human disturbances from one habitat source to another.
List of Elephant Corridor in India
Following is the List of Priority I Elephant Corridor in India. ( Source: Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change, Govt of India )
- Rawasan-Sonanadi (Via Landsdown)
- South Patlidun-Chilkiya
- Malani Kota
- Buxa-Ripu at Sankosh
North East India
- Pakke-Doimara at Dezling
- Pakke-Papum at Longka Nullah
- Kaziraiiga- Karbi Anglog at Panban
- Kaziraiiga- Karbi Anglong at Kanchanjuri
- Pakke-Doimara at Tipi
- Siju Rewak
- Anaimali at Punachi
- Anaimalai between Siluvaimedu-Kadamparai
- Chamranagar-Talamalai at Muddalialli
- Kalamali – Singara and Avarahalla
- Tirunelli – Kudrakote
- Anaimalai at Waterfalls Estate
- Project Elephant (PE) was launched by the Government of India in the year 1991-92 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme with the following objectives:
- To protect elephants, their habitat and corridors
- To address issues of man-elephant conflict
- Welfare of domesticated elephants
- Presently the Project Elephant is being implemented in 22 States/Uts.
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How many elephant reserves are in India?
The government of India has notified 32 Elephant Reserves in India, spread over 10 elephant landscapes, covering about 65,270 Sq. Km. of forest area.
Which state has maximum elephant reserve in India?
Both Assam and Odisha both have the maximum number of Elephant Reserve in India with 5 reserves in each.
Which state has highest number of elephants in India 2020 UPSC?
Karnataka with 6049 Elephants as per Census 0f 2017 has the highest number of Elephants in India.
How many elephants are there in India?
There are 27,312 elephants in India according to the latest Census of 2017 by the Government of India.
Are elephants increasing in India?
No, as per the latest census in 2017 the total number of Elephants in India declined from 27,785 in 2012 to 27,312.
Elephant Reserves in India Map
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