Arunachal Pradesh national park are two in number which is Namdapha national park and Mouling National park. Also, the presence of Eleven wildlife sanctuaries in Arunachal Pradesh shows the amount of Flora and Fauna diversity present in the state. Arunachal Pradesh national park and Wildlife sanctuaries are as follow:
Arunachal Pradesh National Park
|S.No.||Name of Protected Area||Area (Sq. Km.)|
|1||Mouling National Park||483|
|2||Namdapha National Park||1807|
|3||D'Ering Memorial (Lali) WLS||190|
|4||Di bang WLS||4,149|
|5||Eagle Nest WLS||217|
|11||Sessa Orchid WLS||100|
|12||Tale Valley WLS||337|
|13||Ik Yordi-Rabe Supe||397|
Namdapha National Park
- The Namdapha National Park is located 27° N of the equator.
- Namdapha National Park area= 1807.82 Sq. Km.
- Namdapha National Park located at the international border between India and Myanmar (Burma) in Changlang District, Arunachal Pradesh in northeast India.
- It was also declared as the 15th Tiger Reserve of India by the Government in 1983. ( learn about 51 Tiger reserves in India with Map )
- Namdapha National Park is located along the turbulent Noa-Dihing River. (Learn about Brahmaputra River and its tributaries with map)
- Origin of Name: Namdapha is the river originating from the hill named Daphabum ( In local dialect Dapha is the name of the hill, Bum means the peak of the hill) and meets the Noa-Dehing river. This river runs in the North-South direction of the Namdapha National Park and hence the name Namdapha has been given.
- Namdapha National Park area was initially a reserve forest under the Assam Forest Regulation Act 1891.
- Namdapha was later declared a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1972.
- Namdapha has then declared a National Park on 12th May 1983, under Wildlife Protection Act 1972.
- In that year only, Namdapha National Park has then declared a Tiger reserve under Project Tiger of the Govt. of India on 15th March’1983.
- The Namdapha protected area is situated in between Dapha Bum ridge of Mishmi Hills and Patkai Ranges out spurs of North Eastern Himalayas.
- The Namdapha National Park being 27° N of the equator, falls geographically in the sub-tropical zone.
- Biogeographically, the Namdapha National Park falls within the Eastern Himalayan biogeographic province.
- It is located at the junction of two Biogeographic regions the Indian Sub-Continent and the Indo-China Biogeographic Region
- The Namdapha National Park is 27° N of the equator, lies geographically in the sub-tropical zone and have a sub-tropical climate.
- But the climate of the Namdapha National Park changes due to variations of altitude from 200 m to 4571 m and the area also receives heavy rainfall.
- The mountainous area of the Namdapha National Park has a mountain type of climate while the low lying plains and valleys experience a tropical climate.
- The different types of Vegetation found in the Namdapha National Park are:
- Evergreen Forests,
- Moist deciduous forests,
- Sub-tropical forests,
- Temperate Forests and
- More than 150 timber species are found in Namdapha National Park.
- The Pinus merkusi and Abies delavavi are endemic to this region and not found elsewhere in India.
- One of the endangered and rarest orchids the Blue Vanda is found here.
- The most famous local medicinal plant Mishimi Teeta (Copti teeta) used by the local tribals for medicinal purpose is found here and its export has been banned.
- The tailless Hoolock Gibbon is the only ape species found in India and it resides in Namdapha National Park.
- One of the unique features of the Namdapha National Park is that four Feline species of big cat are found together here which are
- Tiger (Panthera Tigris),
- Leopard (Panthera Pardus),
- Snow Leopard (Panthera Uncia)
- Clouded Leopard (Neofelis Nebulosa)
- Some of the primate species found in the park are
- Assamese macaque,
- pig-tailed macaque,
- stump-tailed macaque
- Hoolock Gibbons (Hylobates Hoolock),
- Among the bird species, most notable are
- rare and endangered White-winged Wood Ducks
- Great Indian hornbills,
- jungle fowls
- Other animals found in the park are elephants, black bear, Indian Bison, Deer, reptiles etc.
Mouling National Park
- The Mouling National Park was established in the year 1986
- Area 483.00 Sq. Km.
- The National Park lies 28°N of the equator
- It covers part of the Upper Siang District of Arunachal Pradesh.
- The name of Mouling National Park has been derived from the peak named Mouling in the area.
- Mouling National Park is located on the right bank of river Siang.
- Inside the Mouling National Park, there are many waterfalls. Dabung and Nirbung Waterfall are two famous ones.
- The vegetation of the Mouling National Park varies according to altitude. The forests of Mouling National Park can be characterised into the following categories:
- Tropical Evergreen,
- Tropical Semi-evergreen,
- Temperate Broadleaf.
- The topography of the Mouling National Park is gentle to very steep and also have rugged mountainous land. Steep slopes of mountains are covered under dense evergreen and semi-evergreen vegetation.
- Ornamental plants species such as foxtail, orchids are found in abundance in the park.
- Mouling National Park is extremely rich in bird diversity. The most notable among these birds is the Chestnut-breasted Partridge. Due to its small and fragmented population, it is considered Vulnerable (BirdLife International 2001).
- Mouling National Park comes under the Eastern Himalayas Endemic Bird Areas. Of the 21 species of these Endemic Bird Areas, nine have been found at Mouling National Park.
- It is not possible to list all the species here but the interesting bird species are:
- Common Hill-Partridge Arborophila torqueola,
- Rufous-throated Hill-Partridge A. rufogularis,
- White-cheeked Hill-Partridge A. atrogularis,
- Long-tailed Thrush Zoothera dixoni
- Grey-cheeked Flycatcher-Warbler Seicercus poliogenys,
- White-spectacled Flycatcher-Warbler Seicercus affinis,
- Rufous-faced Flycatcher-Warbler Abroscopus albogularis,
- Black-faced Flycatcher-Warbler A. schisticeps,
- Maroon-backed Accentor Prunella immaculata,
- Black-backed Forktail Enicurus immaculatus,
- Lesser Necklaced Laughingthrush Garrulax monileger,
- Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush G. pectoralis,
- Rufous-necked Laughingthrush G. ruficollis
- Sultan Tit Melanochlora sultanea.
- OTHER KEY FAUNA: Among the mammals some are:
- Tiger Panthera tigris,
- Leopard P. pardus,
- Red panda Ailurus fulgens,
- Goral Nemorhaedus goral,
- Serow Nemorhaedus sumatraensis
- Takin Budorcas taxicolor
- The other mammals found in the area are
- Assamese Macaque Macaca assamensis,
- Capped Langur Trachypithecus pileatus,
- Leopard Cat Prionailurus bengalensis,
- Small Indian Civet Viverricula indica,
- Himalayan Palm Civet Paguma larvata,
- Spotted Linsang Prionodon pardicolor,
- Indian Wild Dog Cuon alpinus and
- Asiatic Black Bear Ursus thibetanus.
- Takins, Snowclouded leopard, golden languor, hornbill, Monal Scalater, Serrow are the endangered species found here.
- Mouling National Park is renowned for three varieties of goat –antelopes, locally known as Takin, coral and serow.
- The other fauna found in the park is Tiger, Panther, Red panda, Elephant, Hog dear, Barking deer, Sambar, wild buffalo, python etc.