Achanakmar Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve is in the states of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. This reserve is one of the less developed and least disturbed areas in both the states.
Declaration Date of inclusion in MAB programme of UNESCO: 2012
Core area(s): 55,150 ha
Buffer zone(s): 195,587.5 ha
Geographical Location Features
- Maximum area of Achanakmar Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve lies within Chhattisgarh in Bilaspur district, and remaining area lies in Madhya Pradesh in Anuppur & Dindori districts.
- Achanakmar Wildlife Sanctuary is located within Achanakmar Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve in the Bilaspur district within Chhattisgarh.
- Every Biosphere reserve have a core area and a Buffer area, Achanakmar Sanctuary is designated as the core zone of the reserve and the remaining serves as the buffer zone.
- The geology of the area is unique and varies from schists and gneisses to granite intrusions, sand stones, shales, limestone, basaltic lava and bauxite.
- Red soil is also found here due to presence of iron oxide which is porous and fertile.
- alluvial soil is also found on the banks of numerous streams in the reserve and black cotton soil in many areas, support a large number of species.
- Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve is a major watersheds of peninsular India.
- It is source of three major river systems: the Narmada, the Son River, and the Johilla.
- The topography ranges from high mountains to shallow valleys and plains.
- Maikal hill ranges, Vindhya and Satpura lies within the Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve.
- South-western monsoon brings rainfall to the reserve during the months of June to September.
Flora & Fauna
- Tropical deciduous vegetation covers the majority of the area
- The tropical Moist deciduous forests makes 63% of the area, and remaining area is covered with tropical dry deciduous vegetation which constitutes the southern part of the biosphere reserve.
- The Biosphere Reserve is home of 67 threatened faunal species, which includes Four horned antelope, Saras crane, Asian white-backed vulture, Indian wild dog, Sacred grove bush frog.
Reserve have Twenty-seven tribal and non-tribal communities inhabiting 418 villages in Biosphere reserve. Their main occupation is agriculture ,along with the bamboo handicraft and non-timber products produced in the buffer zone and transition areas.
Download Achanakmar Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve Map 2021
Want to learn more about UNESCO MAB programme refer to Official website