There are a total of 5 National Parks in Karnataka according to Government of India Database. Have a look at this national park in Karnataka map and list of park in the table below.
Table of Contents
National parks in Karnataka
|Protected Area Name||Area in Sq. KM.|
|5||Rajiv Gandhi (Nagarahole) NP||643.39|
National park in Karnataka map Download
What is a National Park?
- Any Geographical area, whether it lies within a sanctuary or not, because of its geomorphological, ecological, floral, faunal or zoological importance or association can be notified as a National park under the provisions of the Section 35 of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 for the purpose of propagating, protecting or developing its wildlife and its environment.
- The protection status of a national park is higher than that of a sanctuary.
- All rights with respect to lands included within the national park are vested with the State Government.
All the National Parks in Karnataka are discussed in brief in this Article.
Anshi National Park
- The Anshi National Park is located in
- Joida and Karwar Taluks of Uttara Kannada Districts.
- spread over total area of-
- 339.866 sq.km.
- Anshi National Park is a part of Kali Tiger Reserve and constitutes an important landscape for Tiger conservation.
- In the entire region of North Karnataka Dandeli Wildlfie Sanctuary and Anshi National Park are the two protected areas located in lush green and diverse forest area. These protected areas are contiguous to each other and together constitute the Tiger Reserve which is one of the five Tiger Reserves in Karnataka.
- It is also one of the 25 Global Biodiversity hot spot of Western Ghats.
- It is contiguous to Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary and the Anshi National Park and the Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary together have been declared as Dandeli-Anshi Tiger Reserve in the year 2007, which has been renamed as Kali Tiger Reserve.
- Anshi National Park was notified in the year 2003.
Bandipura National Park
- It is located partly in
- Gundlupet Taluk of Chamrajnagara District and partly in
- H.D.Kote and Nanjangud Taluks of Mysuru District.
- The Bandipur National Park is an important feature of 5520.00 Sq. Km. the first Biosphere Reserve in the country i.e. Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve (under the Man and Biosphere (MAB) Programme of the IUCN).
- The Bandipur, Nagarahole, Madumalai & Wynad complex is home to single largest Asian Elephant population in the world
- The Tiger and the Elephants are the flagship and umbrella species that this ecosystem represents.
- In 1941 Under the Mysore Game and Forest Preservation and Regulation Act-1931, an area of 90 Sq.Km. was declared as Venugopala Wildlife Park by the then Princely State of Mysore.
- This Area was further increased to 800 Sq. Km. by addition of adjoining forest areas in 1942.
- In the year 1973, an area of 683.52 Sq.Km., was brought under the Project Tiger and is one of the first Nine Tiger Reserves in the country.
- During 1974, the initial notification of the Bandipur National Park was issued.
- Further some more adjacent Reserve forest areas were added to the Tiger Reserve and was extended to 880.02 Sq. Km.
- The final notification of the Bandipur National Park was issued in 2001.
- Of this, an area of 3.20 Sq.Km. in Begur Reserved Forest and 4.28 Sq.Km. from Katwal Reserved Forest have been excluded, which were earlier released for tribal rehabilitation. Also, an area of 0.30 Sq.Km. of forest land was set apart for the existing Sanctum Sanctorum of Gopalaswamy Betta Temple in Kaniyanapura Reserved Forest.
- Thus, the National Park constitutes an area of 872.24 Sq. Km. forming the Core/Critical Tiger habitat of the Bandipur Tiger Reserve .
- Bandipur supports a wide range of timber trees including –
- teak (Tectona grandis),
- rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia),
- sandalwood (Santalum album V),
- Indian-laurel (Terminalia tomentosa),
- Indian kino tree (Pterocarpus marsupium),
- giant clumping bamboo (Dendrocalamus strictus),
- clumping bamboo (Bambusa arundinacea) and
- Grewia tiliaefolia etc.
- Bandipur supports a large population of endangered and vulnerable species like
- Indian elephants,
- sloth bears,
- Indian rock pythons,
- four-horned antelopes,
- jackals and
- The commonly seen mammals in the park include-
- gray langurs,
- Indian giant squirrels
Bannerghatta National Park
- It is situated partly in
- Bangalore urban district and
- partly in Ramanagara district.
- Bannerghatta National Park is situated very near to Bangalore, capital of Karnataka and India’s third most populous city.
- The National Park boundary is highly irregular, fragmented
- This National Par(BNP) is named after the village Bannerghatta, a pilgrimage centre located close to the Bannerghatta Biological Park in the northeast corner of the Bannerghatta National Park.
- The initial notification of BNP was issued in the year 1971 .
- The final notification declaring Bannerghatta National Park was issued in the year 2004.
- The Park forms part of the last remaining large patch of tropical dry thorn forest in the country and is known for its reptile and bird diversity in addition to its mammalian diversity.
- It is a terminal point on the northern side of Mysore Elephant Reserve, inhabited by India’s largest land mammals – Asian elephants
Kudremukh National Park
- Kudremukh National Park got its name from the highest hill peak – Kudremukh Peak having an altitude of 1892 meters.
- It is also called as the queen of hill peaks in Karnataka. The name of the peak, meaning horse-face, is due to its appearance seawards.
- Kudremukh Peak is a popular peak and its name has become an acronym for places around it, So are the names of Kudremukh town and the Kudremukh National Park born.
- KNP is geographically located at the tri-junction of Dakshina Kannada, Udupi and Chikmagalur districts of Karnataka.
- This place is source of major rivers like Tunga, Bhadra and Nethravathi rivers and catchment for many other minor rivers like Gurupura, Yenehole, Swarna and Seethanadhi.
- KNP lies approximately in the middle of mid-Western Ghats (the stretch between Goa and Nilgiris).
- KNP have least disturbed low altitude wet evergreen forests and shola-grassland biome.
- Kudremukh represents one of the world’s major habitats and have tropical biological richness and is thus among one of the 34 biological hotspots of the world.
- KNP have the single largest contiguous populations of Lion Tailed Macaque(LTM) in entire world.
- KNP have tropical wet evergreen forest and have population of top three carnivores like Tiger, Leopard and wild dogs.
- Kudremukh National Park forms critical link connecting protected area on the Northern & North-Western side ( Someshwara, Mookambika, Sharavathi &Shettihalli wildlife sanctuaries and Bhadra tiger reserve ) to the protected areas on the Southern side ( Pushpagiri, Talacauvery, Brahmagiri wildlife sanctuaries and Nagarahole tiger reserve ).
Nagarahole National Park
- Area: 643.39sq.km.
- In 1992 Nagarhole National Park was renamed as “Rajiv Gandhi (Nagarhole) National Park’’ to mark the first death anniversary of Late PrimeMinister Shri.Rajiv Gandhi.
- Nagarhole National Park is partly situated in –
- Kodagu district and
- partly in Mysuru district.
- Having good number of Elephants in the National Park the Nagarhole was included in Project Elephant in 2000
- Nagarhole National Park is the core or critical tiger habitat of Nagarhole Tiger Reserve.
- National Park acts as an east ward connection to the Brahmagiri Ridge which further merges in North with the Talacauvery Wildlife Sanctuary which ultimately joins with Kudremukh – Bhadra landscape. To the southeast it connects large forested tract of Bandipur Tiger Reserve of Karnataka and Mudumalai Tiger Reserve of Tamil Nadu. To south western side it connects with Waynad Wild Life Sanctuary of Kerala. Thereby forming a green necklace shape of connectivity with neighbouring habitats.
- As the core of Nagarhole Tiger Reserve the National Park is a natural habitat for the source population of Tigers. The entire Nagarhole -Bandipur-Mudumalai-Waynad conservation unit, which holds single largest source population of Tigers in the world.
- It is divided in seven Wildlife ranges-namely
- Anechowkur Wildlife range Wildlife range
- Veeranahosahally Wildlife Range
- Kallahalla Wildlife Range
- Metikuppe Wildlife range
- Antharasanthe Wildlife range
- D.B.Kuppe Wildlife range
- Nagarhole Wildlife range.
- The vegetation of Nagarhole National Park has been broadly classified into 4 types. The forest types found within the National Park are –
- Southern Tropical Semi-evergreen forest
- Southern Tropical moist deciduous forest
- Southern- Tropical dry deciduous Forest
- Scrub forest.
- Nagarhole National Park is characterized by broad belts of marshy swamp grounds
- National Park is interspersed by several streams and rivers which originate in the hills and flow south wards. Streams like
form the tributatries of two major rivers namely Lakshmanatheertha in the North and Kabini in the South.
This was all about National Park in Karnataka map if u liked the article have look at National parks in Goa.
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