national park in madhya pradesh

10 Breathtaking National Park in Madhya Pradesh

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Madhya Pradesh, located in the heart of India, is home to many of the country’s national parks. National Park in Madhya pradesh: According to the ENVIS Centre on Wildlife & Protected Areas, Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change, Govt. of India, Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of national parks in India with 10 parks. Some of these parks are well-known, like the world-famous Kanha National Park, while others are less well known but no less beautiful.

Forest in India

  • Madhya Pradesh had the highest forest cover in India in 2021, which is 11% of India’s total forest cover, followed by Arunachal Pradesh, Odisha, and Maharashtra.
  • In 2021, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh accounted for 11% of India’s moderately dense forest, followed by Arunachal Pradesh, Odisha, and Karnataka.
  • In 2021, Madhya Pradesh was responsible for 12% of India’s open forest, followed by Odisha, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, and Assam.

Forest cover includes all lands larger than one hectare in size with a tree canopy density of more than 10%, regardless of ownership or legal status. These lands may or may not be in a recorded forest area and may include orchards, bamboo, and palm plantations.

Very dense forest: all lands with a tree canopy density of 70% or higher;

Moderately dense forest: All lands with a tree canopy density of 40% to 70%.

Open forest: All lands with a tree canopy density of 10-40%.

The state’s diverse landscape includes the Vindhya and Satpura ranges, hills, plateaus, and rivers. There are many exciting places to visit in Madhya Pradesh, but the most popular destinations are its national parks. These parks are not only important from the tourism perspective but also play a significant role in preserving the ecological balance and providing shelter to a wide variety of flora and fauna.

Download National Park in Madhya Pradesh Map

Which state has highest forest area in India?

According to the Indian state forest report 2021, Madhya Pradesh had the highest forest cover in India in 2021, which is 11% of India’s total forest cover, followed by Arunachal Pradesh, Odisha, and Maharashtra.

How many national parks are in Madhya Pradesh?

According to the ENVIS Centre on Wildlife & Protected Areas, Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change, Govt. of India, there are a total of 10 national parks in Madhya Pradesh in 2022.

Which state has maximum number of National Park?

According to the ENVIS Centre on Wildlife & Protected Areas, Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change, Govt. of India, Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of national parks in India, totalling 10.

Which is the largest national park in MP?

With an area of 940 km2, Kanha National Park is the largest national park in MP. 

The area wise list of national park in madhya pradesh in descending order is as follow(Source: ENVIS Centre of Madhya Pradesh’s State of Environment)

National parks in Madhya Pradesh

S.NoName of Protected AreaArea in Sq. Km.
1Kanha National Park940
2Kuno National Park748
3Panna National Park543
4Satpura National Park524
5Sanjay National Park467
6Bandhavgarh National Park437
7Madhav National Park354
8Pench National Park293
9Van Vihar National Park4.45
10Fossils National Park0.27
National parks in Madhya Pradesh

Let’s look at the national park in Madhya Pradesh one by one. 

Kanha national park

kanha <a href=
national park in Madhya pradesh – kanha national park

Kanha National Park

  • It is also a tiger reserve.
  • Kanha National Park is situated in the Maikal range of Satpuras.
  • Located in Central India, it experiences a tropical monsoonal climate.

Major Species found

  • The state animal of Madhya Pradesh, the Hard Ground Barasingha, is found exclusively in the Kanha Tiger Reserve.
  • Major species found are hard ground Barasingha, Tiger, Leopard, Dhole, Bear, Gaur, Indian Python etc.
  • The lush green forests of Kanha are composed majorly of Sal (Shorea Robusta) and other mixed forest trees.

Kuno National Park

Kuno national park
national park in Madhya pradesh – Kuno national park
  • Kuno National Park is spread over an area of 748.76 sq. km
  • It is located in the Sheopur district of Madhya Pradesh. 
  • The Kuno River, one of the major tributaries of the Chambal River, flows through its entire length, bisecting the National Park division
  • Kuno park is known for its leopard, jackal, and Chinkara
  • The Wildlife Institute of India and the Wildlife Trust of India had shortlisted Palpur-Kuno park as habitats for cheetahs and Asiatic lions. 
  • The cheetah that once roamed in India’s northern plains became extinct in India in 1948. 
  • Plans to reintroduce cheetahs in Kuno National Park from South Africa are underway. 
  • The Kuno can carry populations of all four of India’s big cats, the tiger, the leopard, the Asiatic lion and cheetah, all four of which had coexisted within the same habitats historically before they were exhausted thanks to overhunting and habitat destruction. 
  • The leopard and striped hyena are the only larger carnivores within the Kuno National Park, with the single lone tiger T-38 returning to Ranthambore earlier this year (2021)

Panna national park

Panna national park
national park in Madhya pradesh – Panna National Park map

Panna National Park.

  • It is located in the Vindhya Hills in northern Madhya Pradesh.
  • This land is full of plateaus and gorges.
  • The Ken River flows through this terrain.
  • Panna national park is bounded north by the Teak forest and east by the Teak-Kardhai forest.
  • Vindhyas hill runs from North-East to South-West direction through Panna national park.

Major Species Found

  • Tiger, leopard, hyaena, wild dog, sloth bear, white-necked stork, chital, chowsingha, sambar-the largest of Indian deer, Blue Bull, and Chinkara, five species of vultures
  • Dry climates are typical in areas where the Vindhyan soils are shallow. The combination of these two factors leads to dry and hot conditions. This can be difficult for plants since they need water and nutrients to grow well. The dry conditions also make it easier for fires to start, and these can damage vegetation and create problems for people who live in the area.
  • Teak and dry mixed forest: The dominant vegetation is Dry Deciduous forest with tall grasses and thorny woodlands.

satpura national park

Satpura National park map
national park in Madhya pradesh – Satpura National park map

Satpura National Park Map

  • Satpura National Park is located to the south of the river Narmada.
  • It is also a tiger reserve.
  • The Satpura tiger reserve was the first biosphere reserve in Madhya Pradesh and was declared in 1999.
  • The Satpura National Park is considered the northern extremity of the Western Ghats.
  • The Satpura National Park is an essential habitat for the Indian tiger.

Major species found

  • The Indian tigergiant squirrel, Indian skimmer, leaf-nosed bathornbill, and the Madhya Pradesh state bird flycatcher (doodhraj)
  • It is located on the Pachmarhi plateau, which consists of dense teak forest and sal forest.

Bandhavgarh national park

Bandhavgarh national park map
national park in Madhya pradesh – Bandhavgarh national park map

Bandhavgarh national park

  • It is located in the eastern Satpura hill ranges.
  • The Bandhavgarh Fort is located inside the Bandhavgarh National Park.
  • Mythologically, the name Bandhavgarh means “bandhav” = brother and “garh” = fort. This fort was built and given to Lakshman by Lord Ram to keep an eye on Sri Lanka.
  • Hills, valleys, marshes, and meadows form a diverse topography in Bandhavgarh National Park.

Major species found.

  • The density of tigers in Bandhavgarh national park is one of the highest in India.
  • The park also has a high population of leopards.
  • The tigress, Sita, which was once featured in the famous National Geographic magazine, is also found in the Bandhavgarh national park.
  • Bandhavgarh national park has listed 34 species of mammals, 260 species of birds and 70 species of butterflies.

Sanjay national park

Sanjay national park map
national park in Madhya pradesh – Sanjay national park map

Sanjay National Park.

  • It is also known as the Sanjay-Dubri National Park.
  • Mohan, the world’s most famous white tiger, was found here. He was later bred to the tigress Radha, and most white tigers present around the globe now are their progeny only.
  • Sanjay national park was carved into two when Chhattisgarh came into existence in 2000. The area which went to the Chhattisgarh administration is now known as the Guru Ghasidas National Park.

Major species found.

  • Tigers, along with hundreds of other species. 
  • Sal forest forms a corridor between Bandhavgarh and Palamu tiger reserve, and animals such as elephants use this corridor for their movement from one park to the other.

Madhav national park

Madhav national park map
national park in Madhya pradesh – Madhav national park map

Madhav national park

  • It is situated in the central highlands of India, intersecting with the upper parts of the Vindhya hills.
  • It is interspersed with valleys, hills, plateaus, lakes and forest ecosystems.
  • Sakhya Sagar and Madhav Sagar are the two crucial lakes in the national park.
  • Sakhya Sagar lake has an abundant population of marsh crocodiles.

Major species found

  • Nilgai, Chinkara, Chowsingha, Sambhar, cheetal, barking deer
  • Leopards, jackals, wild dogs, wild pigs, wolfs, marsh crocodilesturtles, etc.
  • Tropical dry deciduous mixed forest and dry thorn forest. The Kardhai tree is the most abundant species found.

Pench national park

Pench national park map
national park in Madhya pradesh – Pench national park map

Pench National Park

  • The Pench National Park is mentioned in famous natural history books such as Ain-i-Akbari.
  • Rudyard Kipling’s famous book, “Jungle Book,” is based on the Pench National Park and its surrounding areas.

Major species found

  • Three types of forest are found in Pench National Park.
    • Tropical wet deciduous forest
    • Tropical dry deciduous teak forest
    • Tropical dry deciduous mixed forest.
  • Teak, mahua, palash, plum, tendu, moyan, sajja, etc.
  • Tiger, leopard, jackal, fox, wolf, Gaur, nilgai, Sambhar, chital, Chinkara, wild dogs, 
  • Various migratory birds also found shelter in Pench National Park, such as Pintail, ruddy shelduck, whistling teal, etc.

Van vihar national park

vanvihar national park map
national park in Madhya pradesh – vanvihar national park map
  • Van Vihar is Located in the capital city of Madhya Pradesh, Bhopal.
  • Developed and managed by a modern zoological park, following the guidelines of the central zoo authority.
  • The Van Vihar National Park has a road passing through it, allowing easy passage for visitors.

Fossils national park

fossil national park map
national park in Madhya pradesh – fossil national park map
  • This national park is famous for its fossil remains.
  • Plants in fossil form dated to 40–150 million years ago exist in the park.
  • It is situated in the Mandla district of MP.

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These were the all national park in Madhya Pradesh; if you like the post, kindly leave a comment and share it!

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