OIC-Organisation of Islamic Cooperation

India’s Latest Row with the OIC: What’s Happening? 2022

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What is OIC?

The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is the second largest intergovernmental organisation after the United Nations with a membership of 57 states. The OIC was founded in 1969 as a response to the burning of the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem. The OIC seeks to protect the interests of Muslim nations and promote Islamic solidarity. The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation has been involved in peace negotiations between Israel and Palestine, and has been critical of the treatment of Muslims around the world.

The OIC, or the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, is a coalition of Muslim nations that attempts to safeguard its members’ interests and promote Islamic unity. The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation aims to build cooperation among its members on issues such as trade, security, and education, and has played a role in resolving conflicts such as the civil war in Syria.

Organisation of Islamic Cooperation

HeadquartersJeddah, Saudi Arabia
Members 57 states
established25th of September 1969
India RelationIndia is not a member of the OIC

Latest Issue between India and OIC

The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation has requested that the United Nations Human Rights Council take “necessary measures” to address the issue of Muslim girl students being told not to wear the hijab in the Karnataka schools. It also urged India to “ensure the safety, security, and well-being of the Muslim community while protecting their way of life.”

India responded that it is a democracy and that issues within the country are resolved in accordance with its Constitutional framework and mechanisms, as well as democratic ethos and polity. Furthermore, India criticised the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation for being “communal minded” and “hijacked by vested interests

The recent hijab row in the Indian state of Karnataka has led to strong reactions from both Hindus and Muslims. While the Hindus argue that women should not be forced to wear the hijab, the Muslims maintain that it is a religious obligation. This has created a tense atmosphere in the region and drawn the attention of international organisations like the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation. 

India relationship with OIC

India was invited to the founding conference at Rabat in 1969 as the country has the world’s second-largest Muslim community at that time. However, India was ejected at the behest of Pakistan. The Indian delegate was not even allowed to address the conference. This event has been cited as one of the primary reasons for the deterioration of relations between India and Pakistan.

India, the world’s second most populous country and now with the world’s third largest Muslim population, has long been absent from the organization. There are several reasons for India’s absence from the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation. One reason is that the OIC does not recognize India’s secular character and instead regards it as a Hindu-dominated country.

India has been a part of the Non-Aligned Movement since its inception in 1961. India has always maintained good relations with both the East and the West and has never wanted to be aligned with any one group. When the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation was formed in 1969, India did not join because it felt that the organisation was biassed towards Pakistan.

OIC-Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation

Recent India and OIC involvements

At the 45th session of the Foreign Ministers’ Summit in 2018, the host country, Bangladesh, asked that India, which is home to more than 10% of the world’s Muslims, be granted Observer status, but Pakistan objected.

However, India has been invited as a special guest to the 46th Session of the OIC Council of Foreign Ministers in 2019. OIC celebrated its 50th anniversary in 2019.

What is the OIC stand on Kashmir?

The OIC’s stance on Kashmir is that the Kashmiri people have a right to self-determination. The OIC supports the Kashmiri people’s right to choose their own future, and believes that the Kashmiri people should be able to decide their own political status. The OIC also opposes any form of Indian military intervention in Kashmir.

OIC has generally backed Pakistan’s position on Kashmir and has published remarks denouncing India. After India repealed Article 370 in Kashmir in 2019, Pakistan pressed the OIC to criticise India. 

Article 370 of the Indian Constitution, which granted a degree of autonomy to the Muslim-majority state of Jammu and Kashmir, was repealed in 2019. This move was controversial, with many arguing that it would lead to increased violence and human rights abuses in the region. The repeal was justified on the grounds that it would help integrate Kashmir more fully into India and boost economic development in the region.

To Pakistan’s surprise, Saudi Arabia and the UAE, two of the Muslim world’s most powerful leaders made few remarks that were not as brutally critical of New Delhi as Islamabad had hoped. Since then, Islamabad has attempted to arouse sentiments among Islamic countries, but just a few of them like Turkey and Malaysia have publicly condemned India.

How has India reacted to OIC?

India has been responding to OIC by expressing its commitment to combating terrorism and promoting interfaith dialogue. India has also underscored the importance of distinguishing between terrorism and Islam.

India has been confident in riding over any statement issued by the OIC, after establishing good ties with heavyweight countries such as the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia. The UAE is one of the most influential Arab states in the region, and Saudi Arabia is a close ally of India, especially in commercial interests. These relationships give India some leverage when dealing with the OIC. Regarding Jammu Kashmir India has claimed repeatedly that J&K is a “integral part of India and a matter purely internal to India,” and that the OIC has no locus standi on the issue.


FAQs

How many members in OIC?

The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is an international organisation consisting of 57 member states. It was founded in 1969 to promote solidarity among Islamic countries and to protect the interests of the Muslim world. The OIC has a variety of objectives, including promoting Islamic values, protecting the rights of Muslims abroad, and advancing cooperation between member states.

Is India a member of OIC?

India is not a member of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation. It is a 57-member organisation of Muslim-majority countries that aims to promote solidarity among its members and to protect the interests of Muslims worldwide. India has long-standing ties with many Muslim-majority countries, but has not joined the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation due to its secular constitution.

What is OIC?

The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation is a consortium of 57 Muslim-majority nations that was formed in 1969 as a response to the burning of the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem. It seeks to promote solidarity among Muslim nations and protect the rights and interests of Muslims around the world. It has been a vocal critic of Israel and its treatment of Palestinians, and has been active in promoting interfaith dialogue and peace initiatives.

Where is OIC Headquarter?

Its Headquarter is in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. It was established in 1969 to represent the Islamic world. It also seeks to increase cooperation among Muslim countries in areas such as trade, culture, and defense.


Conclusion

In conclusion, it is evident that India has strong disagreements with the OIC over its communal mindedness and interference in India’s internal affairs. Despite this, it is important to maintain open lines of communication between the two parties in order to resolve these disagreements and build a better relationship. India should continue to engage with the OIC, while also making it clear that it will not tolerate any type of interference in its internal affairs.

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