Guindy National Park

Beautiful Guindy National Park with Map

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Guindy National Park 

Guindy National Park is located in Chennai District’s Mambalam – Guindy Taluk, in the city’s south-west corner. Prior to 1958, this same area had been under Raj Bhavan’s control. Later, the then-Governor of Tamil Nadu offered to surrender approximately 400 hectares of the Guindy Reserve Forest, which was managed by Raj Bhavan, in order to reduce maintenance costs and contribute to public amenities.

While having accepted the proposal, then-Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru recommended that the location be preserved and a small portion of it turned into a Children’s Park. He wished for the children to grow up in a natural surroundings, thus becoming persons who value nature. In 1958, the Forest Department took over management of the area. The late Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru requested the establishment of a Children’s Corner, which he inaugurated in 1959. It is preserved like a medium in natural wooded settings to provide a safe environment for children to play and learn about nature and wildlife.

Guindy National Park of Chennai is among a few national parks of India which is situated inside a city area. Guindy National Park apart from providing various ecological services to Chennai also acts as a generator of clean fresh air to the metropolitan Chennai. The Tropical dry evergreen forest here also harbours a sacred grove Sapta Kannika Grove. Only a few sacred groves remain in Chennai now.  

The state of Tamil Nadu has 5 National Parks which are Guindy National Park, Mudumalai National Park, Mukurthi National Park, Indira Gandhi National Park (Annamalai), and Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park. Learn about all National Park in Tamil Nadu

History of Guindy National Park 

One of the few remaining tropical dry evergreen forests of the Coromandel Coast is the Guindy National Park in Chennai. The origin history of Guindy National Park is linked to the then British Governor, William Langhorne (1672 – 1678) who built the Guindy lodge surrounded by a spacious park. 

In 1910, the area was declared as a reserve forest comprising 505 hectares. Between 1961 and 1977, 172 hectares of forests were acquired from the Raj Bhavan for the building of various educational institutions and memorials. The remaining area was called Guindy Deer Park and in the year 1978 declared as Guindy National Park

National Parks in Tamil Nadu

NATIONAL PARKSAREA Sq.Km.DistrictYear of Establishment
Guindy National Park2.7Chennai1978
Gulf of Mannar Marine Park (21 Islands) Reserve Land - 623.12 Ha + Sea area - 51978.88 Ha526.02Ramanathapuram & Tuticorin1986
Indira Gandhi National Park117.1Coimbatore1989
Mukurthi National Park78.46Nilgiris2001
Mudumalai National Park103.23Nilgiris2005
Total827.5157
Source: Tamil Nadu Forest Department Webpage.
Guindy National Park
Guindy National Park

Location of Guindy National Park

The Guindy National Park covers an area of 2.70 square kilometres is one of the few national parks situated within a city. It is the eighth smallest national park in India. 

The Dry Evergreen forest of the Guindy NP comprises thick forests, scrubland, lakes and rivulets. Various species find here an undisturbed habitat amidst the hue and cry of a big city. The National Park had played a major role in the conservation of many species found here such as blackbuck, spotted deer, jackal and pangolin, besides a host of snakes, geckos, tortoises, birds, butterflies, spiders, scorpions, grasshoppers, ants, termites and the like.

Some conservation Initiatives of Guindy Park

Approximately 22 acres of the Guindy NP has been converted into a park known as the Children’s Park for ex-situ conservation.

Guindy Snake Park is next to Guindy NP It is recognised as a medium zoo by the Central Zoo Authority (CZA) in 1995.

Flora and Fauna

It contains more than 30 species of trees and many century-old gigantic Banyan Trees. Park has a significant presence of blackbucks, spotted deers, jackals, and varieties of snakes, over 100 species of birds and over 60 species of butterflies.

FAQ

How many national parks are in Tamilnadu?

The state of Tamil Nadu has 5 National Parks which are Guindy National Park, Mudumalai National Park, Mukurthi National Park, Indira Gandhi National Park (Annamalai), and Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park.

Which is the largest national park in Tamilnadu?

Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park with an area of 526.02 sq.km. Spread across 21 islands is the largest National Park in Tamil Nadu

Which is the smallest national park in Tamilnadu?

Guindy National Park of Chennai with an area of 2.7 Sq.Km. is the smallest National park of Tamil Nadu. It is also the 8th smallest national park of India.

This was a brief about National Park in Tamil Nadu, for more information about Tamilnadu protected areas you can also refer to Forest depatment of Tamil Nadu

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