The Rivers falling into the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Caspian Sea are very important for UPSC Exam. It is one of favourite topic for UPSC Question. Questions like through which country these rivers pass, In which Sea do they merge are some of the examples.
- The Danube River flows through the heart of central Europe and it is Europe’s second-longest river.
- Danube River has a length of 2,857 km.
- The drainage basin of the Danube River is 817,000 Sq. km. It includes all of Hungary, most of Romania, Austria, Slovenia, Croatia, and Slovakia and significant parts of Bulgaria, Germany, the Czech Republic, Moldova, Serbia, and Ukraine.
- Bosnia and Herzegovina, and along with small parts of Italy, Switzerland, Albania and Poland also lie in the river basin.
- The Danube River merges into the Black Sea through a delta, that is the second-largest wetland area in Europe.
|Passes through 10 countries||Danube river Passes through Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania, Moldova, Ukraine|
|Origin||Black forest in Germany, Black forest are example of block mountain|
|Importance||Danube river is used for freight transport, Hydro Electric Production, Irrigation, fishing|
|Industrial use||Used extensively for Industrial purpose which had made the river polluted|
|water||unfit for drinking and irrigation|
Danube River Map
- The Danube river forms as a confluence of two mountain rivers the Breg and Brigach in the Black Forests of Germany near Donaueschingen.
- The total length of the Danube river, from the confluence to the estuary into the Black Sea, is 2.845 kilometres.
- The Danube river makes the longest stretch in Romania with a width of 1.075 km. On the other hand, it has got the shortest stretch in Moldova with a width of about 550 mt.
- More than 40 % of its total length that is about 1025 kilometres, forms a natural state border between Danube countries.
- The total surface area of the Danube river basin is 801.463 Sq.Km. and belongs to the sea catchment area of the Black Sea.
Danube River Tributaries
The main tributaries of the Danube river are
- Sava River (left-side tributary) with a flow of 1,564 cubic metres per second,
- Tisa River (left-side tributary) with a flow of 794 cubic metres per second.
- Inn river with a flow of 735 cubic metres per second.
- The longest tributaries of the Danube river are
- the Sava (966 kilometres),
- then the Prut river(950 kilometres)
- and then Drava River (893 kilometres).
The total length of navigable water in the Danube river basin is about 6,300 kilometres, of which 3,600 kilometres of waterways are waterways of international importance.
What country is the river Danube in?
Danube river Passes through ten countries which are Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania, Moldova, Ukraine.
Where does the Danube river start and stop?
The Danube river forms as a confluence of two mountain rivers the Breg and Brigach in the Black Forests of Germany near Donaueschingen.
And it merges into the Black Sea through a delta, which is the second largest wetland area in Europe.
What are two facts about the Danube river?
The Danube River is the longest river in the European Union, and is the second-longest river in Europe after Russia’s Volga river.
Is the Danube polluted?
River Danube has been used extensively for Industrial purposes that had made the river polluted.