Table of Contents
List of Ramsar sites in India State wise in 2021
14 August 2021: Four more wetlands of India get admission into Ramsar sites of international importance. The Ramsar sites in India are now 46 and the total surface area under these sites is 1,083,322 hectares.The new sites are
- Thol and Wadhwana from Gujarat.
- Sultanpur and Bhindawas from Haryana.
The New Ramsar Sites of Haryana
Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary
- It is the largest wetland site in state of Haryana
- It is a human-made freshwater wetland.
- Its first Ramsar site of Haryana.
- Site is located in Jhajjar district, at a distance of 15 km from Jhajjar town.
- In June 2009, it was also declared as bird sanctuary by Government of India.
- Over 250 bird species can be spotted in this wetland site throughout the year. It is a resting and roosting site of these birds.
- Ten globally threatened species are found here including the
- endangered Egyptian Vulture, Steppe Eagle, Pallas’s Fish Eagle, and Black-bellied Tern.
Sultanpur National Park
- Sultanpur National Park/Ramsar site is situated at Sultanpur village located on Gurugram-Jhajjar highway at a distance of 15 km from Gurugram.
- It supports almost 220 species including, winter migratory and local migratory water birds at critical stages of their life cycles.
- It also include ten globally threatened species, like sociable lapwing, and the endangered Egyptian Vulture, Saker Falcon, Pallas’s Fish Eagle and Black-bellied Tern.
The New Ramsar Sites of Gujrat
Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary
- Thol Lake is an artificial lake at Thol village located in Kadi, Mehsana District, Gujarat.
- It is located on the Central Asian Flyway and almost 320 bird species are found here.
- This wetland hosts more then 30 threatened waterbird species, like the critically endangered White-rumped Vulture and Sociable Lapwing, vulnerable Sarus Crane, Common Pochard and Lesser White-fronted Goose.
- Location: Dabhoi taluka of Vadodara district.
- Area: Irrigation Tank Area 10.38 sq. km.
- Main Attractions: Over 200 species of birds, scenic beauty, rich biodiversity. The variety of Birds include both resident & Migratory
- It include some threatened or near-threatened species such as
- the endangered Pallas’s fish-Eagle, the vulnerable Common Pochard,
- near-threatened Dalmatian Pelican, Grey-headed Fish-eagle and Ferruginous Duck.
Ramsar sites in India
|State / UT||Ramsar Site||Year of Declaration||Area ( Sq. Km.)|
|1||Jammu & Kashmir||Hokera Wetland||2005||13.75|
|2||Jammu & Kashmir||Surinsar-Mansar Lakes||2005||3.5
|3||Jammu & Kashmir||Wular Lake||1990||189
|4||Ladakh||Tso Kar Wetland Complex||2020||95.77
|6||Haryana||Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary||2021||4.34|
|7||Haryana||Sultanpur National Park||2021||1.42|
|8||Himachal Pradesh||Chandertal Wetland||2005||0.49
|9||Himachal Pradesh||Pong Dam Lake||2002||156.62|
|10||Himachal Pradesh||Renuka Wetland||2005||0.2
|11||Punjab||Beas Conservation Reserve||2019||64.289|
|14||Punjab||Keshopur-Miani Community Reserve||2019||3.439|
|15||Punjab||Nangal Wildlife Sanctuary||2019||1.16|
|17||Uttarakhand||Asan Conservation Reserve||2020||4.4
|18||Uttar Pradesh||Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary||2019||2.24|
|19||Uttar Pradesh||Parvati Agra Bird Sanctuary||2019||7.22|
|20||Uttar Pradesh||Saman Bird Sanctuary||2019||52.63|
|21||Uttar Pradesh||Samaspur Bird Sanctuary||2019||79.94|
|22||Uttar Pradesh||Sandi Bird Sanctuary||2019||30.85|
|23||Uttar Pradesh||Sarsai Nawar Jheel||2019||16.13|
|24||Uttar Pradesh||Sur Sarovar||2020||4.31|
|25||Uttar Pradesh||Upper Ganga River |
(Brijghat to Narora Stretch)
|26||Rajasthan||Keoladeo Ghana NP||1981||28.73|
|31||West Bengal||East Kolkata Wetlands||2002||125|
|32||West Bengal||Sunderbans Wetland||2019||4230|
|36||Madhya Pradesh||Bhoj Wetlands||2002||32.01|
|39||Gujarat||Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary||2012||120
|40||Gujrat||Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary||2021||6.99|
|41||Gujrat||Wadhvana Wetland||2021||huge lake with about 2km radius|
|42||Andhra Pradesh||Kolleru Lake||2002||901|
|43||Tamil Nadu||Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary||2002||385|
|46||Kerala||Vembanad Kol Wetland||2002||1512.5|
All other important facts about ramsar sites in India is listed below.
Download Ramsar sites in India Map 2021
What is Ramsar Convention
The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands is an intergovernmental treaty which provides the framework for international cooperation and national action for the conservation and the wise use of wetlands and their resources by the member nations. It was signed in a city of Iran called Ramsar in 1971 and also known as the Convention on Wetlands.
Here are few Important Questions regarding the Ramsar sites, which will add further to your knowledge.
When did India signed Ramsar Convention
India signed Ramsar convention on wetlands on 1st February 1982.
How many Ramsar Sites are in India?
As of August 2021 there are 46 Ramsar wetland sites in India.
Which state has maximum number of Ramsar sites in India
Uttar Pradesh have a total of 8 Ramsar wetland sites, which is highest among states in India. There names are
1. Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary
2. Parvati Agra Bird Sanctuary
3. Saman Bird Sanctuary
4. Samaspur Bird Sanctuary
5. Sandi Bird Sanctuary
6. Sarsai Nawar Jheel
7. Sur Sarovar
8. Upper Ganga River (Brijghat to Narora Stretch)
Which is largest Ramsar site in India
Sundarbans Wetland in West Bengal having 4230 Sq. Km. area is largest Ramsar site in India
Smallest Ramsar site in India
Which is the first Ramsar Site in India?
Keoladeo Ghana NP in Rajasthan and Chilka Lake in Orissa were together declared first Ramsar sites in India on 1.10.1981.
Recently in News
Below are the Latest Updates about Ramsar Sites in India.
Mollar Bheri- East Kolkata Wetlands
A study was done by West Bengal Pollution Control Board, National Environmental Engineering Research Institute and Central Pollution Control Board. And the joint report released states that, The cost of damage caused by garbage dumping and contamination of the 55-acre East Kolkata Wetlands, a Ramsar site, is Rs 1.46 crore
Mollar Bheri site
- Mollar Bheri is a unique ecosystem where 234 ponds are interconnected.
- spreads over an area of 12,500 ha, and was declared as a Ramsar site in 2002. It is part of the east Calcutta wetland.
- The site is highly vulnerable to environmental impacts from solid waste dumping, which have created a threat to these water bodies. Dumping has also contaminated the groundwater table of the area.
- This area is used as a waste dumpsite and now it is polluted largely by unsegregated solid waste.
Findings of the Study
- The study was done by: West Bengal Pollution Control Board, National Environmental Engineering Research Institute and Central Pollution Control Board.
- It was found that site attributes like TDS (total dissolved solids), alkalinity, hardness, magnesium and TC (total coliform) violates the acceptable limits.
- Volumes of lead, iron, manganese, cadmium, zinc and aluminium violate the acceptable limits for the pond water
- aluminium, manganese, iron, cadmium violate the acceptable limits for the groundwater.
- These metals mentioned above are highly toxic and also contaminates aquatic plants and animals, especially fish. These toxins pose a health hazard to a large population of the Kolkata and Bidhannagar area.
This was a brief about Ramsar sites in India UPSC. All the data has been sourced from official sources and utmost care has been taken to maintain accuracy of the data, Still there some error, Kindly comment below to let us know.
If you want to learn more about Ramsar convention you can refer to the Official Ramsar Website: https://www.ramsar.org/
Thane sanctuary proposed as MMR’s Ramsar site
July 27, 2021
A proposal has been submitted to State Wetland Authority of Maharashtra to include Thane creek Flamingo Sanctuary as a Ramsar site.
- Maharashtra Mangrove Cell has submitted the request for approval to the Maharashtra State Wetland Authority.
- If approved, the Mumbai Metropolitan Area will get its first Ramsar site at the Thane Creek Flamingo Sanctuary and third one in the State of Maharashtra, to be included in Wetlands of International Importance.
- Nandur Madhameshwar became the first Ramsar site designated from Maharashtra. The Lonarlake in Buldhana was included in the list as the 41st Ramsar site of India and second in the state.
Four More Ramsar sites in India
On 14th August four more Ramsar sites have been added to Ramsar sites in India list. This takes the total number of Ramsar sites in India to 46.
Deepor Beel Eco Sensitive Zone now
On 25 August 2021, the MoEF&CC notified Deepar Beel Wildlife Sanctuary as the eco-sensitive zone .
- Deepor Beel is found in the south-west of Guwahati city, in Kamrup district of Assam, India.
- It’s a permanent freshwater lake, formed in the remanent channel of the Brahmaputra River.
- It’s a wetland included in the Ramsar Convention.
- It is one of the largest beels in the Brahmaputra valley of Lower Assam.
- It expand up to 30 sq. km in summer season and reduces to about 10 sq. km in winter.
- Migratory bird species found in Deepor Beel.
- White-eyed pochard.
- Grey lag goose.
- Baer’s pochard
- Dabbling duck.
- Major population of wild elephants coming from adjoining Rani Reserve Forest and DeeporBeel Wildlife Sanctuary are spotted here. The Rani and Garbhanga hills, the habitat of the elephants, is in the southern side of the beel.
- Mora Bharalu, and the Basistha-Bahini rivers are the inlets that bring rainwater and untreated sewage waste into Deepor Beel.
What is Eco-Sensitive Zone?
Eco-Sensitive Zone is the fragile area that exists inside 10 kilometres radius of a protected areas like National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries. Aim of declaring an Eco-Sensitive Zone is to create a shock-absorber buffer area around the protected areas.
Who declares the Eco-Sensitive Zone?
The Eco-Sensitive Zone are declared by MoEFCC -Ministry of Environment Forests and Climate Change, GOI.
Activities Prohibited inside a Eco Sensitive Zone?
Following activities are restricted inside an Eco-Sensitive Zone:
setting up industries that cause pollution,
establishment of hydro-electric projects,
commercial use of firewood,
solid waste disposal or wastewater disposal.
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