ramsar sites in india

Master Complete Ramsar sites in India [2022] Map

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The purpose to declare Ramsar Sites under Ramsar Convention is to stop the worldwide loss of wetlands and to conserve them, through wise use and management. This aim requires international cooperation, policy making, capacity building and technology transfer. Wetlands for the list are selected because of their ecological, botanical, zoological, limnological or hydrological importance.

List of Ramsar sites in India State wise in 2021

14 August 2021: Four more wetlands get admission into Ramsar sites in india of international importance. The Ramsar sites in India are now 46 and the total surface area under these sites is 1,083,322 hectares.The new sites are

  • Thol and Wadhwana from Gujarat.
  • Sultanpur and Bhindawas from Haryana.

The Four New Ramsar Sites in India

Two new Ramsar sites in Haryana

Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is the largest wetland site in state of Haryana
  • It is a human-made freshwater wetland.
  • Its first Ramsar site of Haryana.
  • Site is located in Jhajjar district, at a distance of 15 km from Jhajjar town.
  • In June 2009, it was also declared as bird sanctuary by Government of India.
  • Over 250 bird species can be spotted in this wetland site throughout the year. It is a resting and roosting site of these birds.
  • Ten globally threatened species are found here including the
    • endangered Egyptian Vulture, Steppe Eagle, Pallas’s Fish Eagle, and Black-bellied Tern.

Sultanpur National Park

  • Sultanpur National Park/Ramsar site is situated at Sultanpur village located on Gurugram-Jhajjar highway at a distance of 15 km from Gurugram.
  • It supports almost 220 species including, winter migratory and local migratory water birds at critical stages of their life cycles.
  • It also include ten globally threatened species, like sociable lapwing, and the endangered Egyptian Vulture, Saker Falcon, Pallas’s Fish Eagle and Black-bellied Tern.

Two New Ramsar Sites in Gujrat

Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Thol Lake is an artificial lake at Thol village located in Kadi, Mehsana District, Gujarat.
  • It is located on the Central Asian Flyway and almost 320 bird species are found here.
  • This wetland hosts more then 30 threatened waterbird species, like the critically endangered White-rumped Vulture and Sociable Lapwing, vulnerable Sarus Crane, Common Pochard and Lesser White-fronted Goose.

Wadhvana Wetland

  • Location: Dabhoi taluka of Vadodara district.
  • Area: Irrigation Tank Area 10.38 sq. km.
  • Main Attractions: Over 200 species of birds, scenic beauty, rich biodiversity. The variety of Birds include both resident & Migratory
  • It include some threatened or near-threatened species such as
    • the endangered Pallas’s fish-Eagle, the vulnerable Common Pochard,
    • near-threatened Dalmatian Pelican, Grey-headed Fish-eagle and Ferruginous Duck.

Ramsar sites in India

 State / UTRamsar SiteYear of DeclarationArea ( Sq. Km.)
1Jammu & KashmirHokera Wetland
2Jammu & KashmirSurinsar-Mansar Lakes20053.5
3Jammu & KashmirWular Lake
4LadakhTso Kar Wetland Complex202095.77
5LadakhTsomoriri Lake2002120
6HaryanaBhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary20214.34
7HaryanaSultanpur National Park20211.42
8Himachal PradeshChandertal Wetland20050.49
9Himachal PradeshPong Dam Lake2002156.62
10Himachal PradeshRenuka Wetland
11PunjabBeas Conservation Reserve201964.289
12PunjabHarike Lake1990
13PunjabKanjli Lake20021.83
14PunjabKeshopur-Miani Community Reserve20193.439
15PunjabNangal Wildlife Sanctuary2019
16PunjabRopar Lake200213.65
Asan Conservation Reserve20204.4
18Uttar PradeshNawabganj Bird Sanctuary20192.24
19Uttar PradeshParvati Agra Bird Sanctuary
20Uttar PradeshSaman Bird Sanctuary201952.63
21Uttar PradeshSamaspur Bird Sanctuary201979.94
22Uttar PradeshSandi Bird Sanctuary201930.85
23Uttar PradeshSarsai Nawar Jheel
24Uttar PradeshSur Sarovar20204.31
25Uttar PradeshUpper Ganga River
(Brijghat to Narora Stretch)
26RajasthanKeoladeo Ghana NP198128.73
27RajasthanSambhar Lake1990
28AssamDeepor Beel2002
29TripuraRudrasagar Lake20052.4
30ManipurLoktak Lake
31West Bengal
East Kolkata Wetlands2002125
32West Bengal
Sunderbans Wetland
33BiharKabartal Wetland2020
Bhitarkanika Mangroves2002650
35OrissaChilka Lake1981
36Madhya PradeshBhoj Wetlands2002
Lonar Lake
38MaharashtraNandur Madhameshwar201914.37
39GujaratNalsarovar Bird Sanctuary2012120
40GujratThol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary20216.99
41GujratWadhvana Wetland2021huge lake with about 2km radius
42Andhra PradeshKolleru Lake2002901
43Tamil NaduPoint Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary
Asthamudi Wetland2002614
45KeralaSasthamkotta Lake
46KeralaVembanad Kol Wetland20021512.5

All other important facts about ramsar sites in India is listed below.

Download Ramsar sites in India Map 2021

What is Ramsar Convention

The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands is an intergovernmental treaty which provides the framework for international cooperation and national action for the conservation and the wise use of wetlands and their resources by the member nations. It was signed in a city of Iran called Ramsar in 1971 and also known as the Convention on Wetlands.

Purpose to declare Ramsar Site

The purpose to declare Ramsar Sites under Ramsar Convention is to stop the worldwide loss of wetlands and to conserve them, through wise use and management. This aim requires international cooperation, policy making, capacity building and technology transfer. Wetlands for the list are selected because of their ecological, botanical, zoological, limnological or hydrological importance.

How Ramsar Convention Conserves these sites

The Ramsar treaty encourages the designation of wetland sites containing representative, rare or unique wetlands, or wetlands that are important for conserving the biological diversity.

After a site is added to the Convention’s List of Wetlands of International Importance it become known as Ramsar sites.

When a wetland is declared as a Ramsar site, the host country agree to establish and oversee a management framework for conserving the wetland and ensuring its wise use.

What is Wise Use under Ramsar Convention

Wise use under the Ramsar Convention is defined as Maintaining the ecological character of a wetland.

Montreux Record

The Montreux Record is a register of wetland sites on the List of Wetlands of International Importance where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference. It is maintained as part of the Ramsar List.

The Montreux Record was created by Recommendation of the Conference of the Contracting Parties in 1990.

Here are few Important Questions regarding the Ramsar sites in india, which will add further to your knowledge.

When did India signed Ramsar Convention

India signed Ramsar convention on wetlands on 1st February 1982.

How many Ramsar Sites are in India?

As of August 2021 there are 46 Ramsar sites in India.

Which state has maximum number of Ramsar sites in India

Uttar Pradesh have a total of 8 Ramsar wetland sites, which is highest among states in India. There names are
1. Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary
2. Parvati Agra Bird Sanctuary
3. Saman Bird Sanctuary
4. Samaspur Bird Sanctuary
5. Sandi Bird Sanctuary
6. Sarsai Nawar Jheel
7. Sur Sarovar
8. Upper Ganga River (Brijghat to Narora Stretch)

Which is largest Ramsar site in India

Sundarbans Wetland in West Bengal having 4230 Sq. Km. area is largest Ramsar site in India

Smallest Ramsar site in India

Renuka Wetland in Himachal Pradesh having 0.2 Sq. Km area is the smallest Ramsar site in India.

Which is the first Ramsar Site in India?

Keoladeo Ghana NP in Rajasthan and Chilka Lake in Orissa were together declared first Ramsar sites in India on 1.10.1981.

Recently in News

Below are the Latest Updates about Ramsar Sites in India.

Mollar Bheri- East Kolkata Wetlands

A study was done by West Bengal Pollution Control Board, National Environmental Engineering Research Institute and Central Pollution Control Board. And the joint report released states that, The cost of damage caused by garbage dumping and contamination of the 55-acre East Kolkata Wetlands, a Ramsar site, is Rs 1.46 crore

Mollar Bheri site

  • Mollar Bheri is a unique ecosystem where 234 ponds are interconnected.
  • spreads over an area of 12,500 ha, and was declared as a Ramsar site in 2002. It is part of the east Calcutta wetland.
  • The site is highly vulnerable to environmental impacts from solid waste dumping, which have created a threat to these water bodies. Dumping has also contaminated the groundwater table of the area.
  • This area is used as a waste dumpsite and now it is polluted largely by unsegregated solid waste.

Findings of the Study

  • The study was done by: West Bengal Pollution Control Board, National Environmental Engineering Research Institute and Central Pollution Control Board.
  • It was found that site attributes like TDS (total dissolved solids), alkalinity, hardness, magnesium and TC (total coliform) violates the acceptable limits.
  • Volumes of lead, iron, manganese, cadmium, zinc and aluminium violate the acceptable limits for the pond water 
  • aluminium, manganese, iron, cadmium violate the acceptable limits for the groundwater.
  • These metals mentioned above are highly toxic and also contaminates aquatic plants and animals, especially fish. These toxins pose a health hazard to a large population of the Kolkata and Bidhannagar area.

This was a brief about Ramsar sites in India UPSC. All the data has been sourced from official sources and utmost care has been taken to maintain accuracy of the data, Still there some error, Kindly comment below to let us know.

If you want to learn more about Ramsar convention you can refer to the Official Ramsar Website: https://www.ramsar.org/

Thane sanctuary proposed as MMR’s Ramsar site

July 27, 2021

A proposal has been submitted to State Wetland Authority of Maharashtra to include Thane creek Flamingo Sanctuary as a Ramsar site.

  • Maharashtra Mangrove Cell has submitted the request for approval to the Maharashtra State Wetland Authority.
  • If approved, the Mumbai Metropolitan Area will get its first Ramsar site at the Thane Creek Flamingo Sanctuary and third one in the State of Maharashtra, to be included in Wetlands of International Importance.
  • Nandur Madhameshwar became the first Ramsar site designated from Maharashtra. The Lonarlake in Buldhana was included in the list as the 41st Ramsar site of India and second in the state.

Four More Ramsar sites in India

On 14th August four more sites have been added to Ramsar sites in India list. This takes the total number of Ramsar sites in India to 46.

Deepor Beel Eco Sensitive Zone now

On 25 August 2021, the MoEF&CC notified Deepar Beel Wildlife Sanctuary as  the eco-sensitive zone .

  • Deepor Beel is found in the south-west of Guwahati city, in Kamrup district of Assam, India.
  • It’s a permanent freshwater lake, formed in the remanent channel of the Brahmaputra River.
  • It’s a wetland included in the Ramsar Convention.
  • It is one of the largest beels in the Brahmaputra valley of Lower Assam.
  • It expand up to 30 sq. km in summer season and reduces to about 10 sq. km in winter.
  • Migratory bird species found in Deepor Beel.
    • White-eyed pochard.
    • Grey lag goose.
    • Baer’s pochard
    • Gadwall,
    • Dabbling duck.
  • Major population of wild elephants coming from adjoining Rani Reserve Forest and DeeporBeel Wildlife Sanctuary are spotted here. The Rani and Garbhanga hills, the habitat of the elephants, is in the southern side of the beel.
  • Mora Bharalu, and the Basistha-Bahini rivers are the inlets that bring rainwater and untreated sewage waste into Deepor Beel.

What is Eco-Sensitive Zone?

Eco-Sensitive Zone is the fragile area that exists inside 10 kilometres radius of a protected areas like National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries. Aim of declaring an Eco-Sensitive Zone is to create a shock-absorber buffer area around the protected areas.

Who declares the Eco-Sensitive Zone?

The Eco-Sensitive Zone are declared by MoEFCC -Ministry of Environment Forests and Climate Change, GOI.

Activities Prohibited inside a Eco Sensitive Zone?

Following activities are restricted inside an Eco-Sensitive Zone:
Commercial mining,
stone quarrying,
crushing units,
setting up industries that cause pollution,
establishment of hydro-electric projects,
commercial use of firewood,
solid waste disposal or wastewater disposal.

unesco world heritage sites
unesco world heritage sites

Checkout the Latest 40 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India.

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  2. little suggestion update montreux site in India also in this article which are keoladeo national park and loktak lake..
    great effort keep it up.

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