Beautiful Black Necked Crane The State Bird of Ladhak 2021

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In Sep 2021 the Black necked Crane is declared as the State bird of Ladhak. Black necked Crane is a medium-sized crane of Asia.

  • It breeds on the Tibetan Plateau as well as remote parts of India and Bhutan.
  • the Major Buddhist Ethnic group of Arunachal Pradesh -Monpas hold this bird in high prestige, as a symbol of the sixth Dalai Lama (Tsangyang Gyatso). 
  • Black necked cranes in India are only found in Ladakh’s Changthang region. 
  • They are also referred to as majestic birds.
  • Black necked cranes sighting is considered auspicious in Ladakh.

State Bird of LadhakBlack necked Crane
Common NameBlack necked crane
Scientific NameGrus nigricollis
Height135 cm
Weight5- 6 kg.
PopulationNumber of mature individuals 6,600-6,800
StatusSchedule I of Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972 Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List CITES Appendix I
Habitat and ecologyWetlands (inland), Artificial/Terrestrial

Characteristics of Black Necked Crane

  • Both the male and female Black necked Crane are near to equal length however male is barely larger than female. 
  • Body feature of Black necked Crane: 
    • The top long neck, head, primary and secondary flight feathers and tail are absolutely black. 
    • The body plumage is light grey/whitish. 
  • A conspicuous red crown ornaments the head of Black-necked Crane. 
  • The bill is greenish and the legs and toes are black. 
  • The juveniles of Black-necked Crane have a brownish head and neck and plumage is barely paler than that of an adult. 

Habitat and Distribution of Black Necked Crane

  • High altitude wetlands in the Tibetan plateau at elevations of 2950-4900 m above mean sea level are the primary breeding area of the Black-necked Crane. 
  • These wetlands with small mounds provide excellent habitat for the Black-necked Crane for breeding. 
  • Black-necked Crane spends their winter at lower altitudes where they feed on the leftovers in rice and potato fields. 
  • Black-necked Crane’s major habitat is in India, China and Bhutan. 
  • The focal breeding ground is High altitude marshes and lakes of the Tibetan Plateau (Tibet, Qinghai, Xinjiang, Gansu), eastern Ladakh (India) and Sichuan (China). 
  • The major wintering flocks of the species are in Tibet, Yunnan and Guizhou (China) and Bhutan (Phobjika and Bomdaling Valleys). A small wintering population of Black-necked Crane is also found in Sangti and Zimithang valleys of Arunachal Pradesh in India.

Conservation Issues of Black Necked Crane

  • The primary danger to the successful breeding of black-necked cranes is the damage to the eggs and chicks, due to feral dogs
  • These dogs are owned both by the military as well as by the local nomads. 
  • Another threat to the Black-necked Crane is the loss of habitat. 
  • The human pressure on the wetlands, the primary habitat of Black-necked Crane, has increased exceedingly during the last decade. 
  • The increased grazing pressure on the limited pastures close to the wetlands is leading to the degradation of the wetland habitat.
black necked crane
black necked crane

FAQs

Is black-necked crane found in India?

Yes Black Necked Crane is found in India. Its stable population can be located in Eastern Ladhak, where it is recently declared as the State Bird of Ladhak. A small wintering population of Black-necked Crane is also found in Sangti and Zimithang valleys of Arunachal Pradesh in India.

Is black-necked crane extinct animals?

No, Black Necked Crane bird is declared a Near-threatened Species by the IUCN. And a stable Population of the species are in Tibet, Yunnan and Guizhou (China) and Bhutan (Phobjika and Bomdaling Valleys). A small wintering population of Black-necked Crane is also found in Sangti and Zimithang valleys of Arunachal Pradesh in India.

Why is the black-necked crane endangered?

Black Necked Crane is Near-threatened not Endangered. The primary danger to the successful breeding of black-necked cranes is the damage to the eggs and chicks, due to feral dogs. Another major threat to the Black-necked Crane is the loss of habitat. 

Where do black-necked cranes live?

The focal breeding ground is High altitude marshes and lakes of the Tibetan Plateau (Tibet, Qinghai, Xinjiang, Gansu), eastern Ladakh (India) and Sichuan (China). 
The major wintering flocks of the species are in Tibet, Yunnan and Guizhou (China) and Bhutan (Phobjika and Bomdaling Valleys). A small wintering population of Black-necked Crane is also found in Sangti and Zimithang valleys of Arunachal Pradesh in India.

This was brief about the Blak-Necked Crane if you want to learn more about about the species refer to the Birdlife.org

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