dachigam national park

Dachigam National Park in 2022, a haven for Hangul deer

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Dachigam National Park is world famous for Hangul also known as Kashmir Stag. The park is located in Srinagar district of Jammu and Kashmir in India. The name of the park literally stands for “ten villages” in the memory of ten villages that were relocated for the formation of the park.

Dachigam National Park

  • It is one of the most important protected area in Jammu and Kashmir because it is home to the world’s last viable Hangul population. It also serves as a natural habitat for several threatened and endangered species.
  • Dachigam is a mountainous region with crystalline rocks. The Dachigam National Park is roughly rectangular, 22.5 km long and 8 km wide, and covers nearly half of Dal Lake’s catchment area.
  • Dachigam is close to Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir, and it attracts many tourists in the summer due to its natural beauty. Ecosystem services such as water purification, soil conservation, and landscape stability provide additional economic benefits.
Hangul
Hangul

Location

  • Area of 141 sq. kms
  • Dachigam is located 22 km away from Srinagar – jammu kashmir.
  • Located high in its interiors is the Marsar lake from which flows the river Dagwan.
  • The park encompasses nearly half of the catchment zone of the famous Dal Lake and is home to a surplus of threatened species.
  • It is located between the coordinates 34° 05’N – 34° 11’N and 74° 54’E -7S 09′, and falls under the civil jurisdiction of Srinagar (jammu kashmir). 
  • It is in the Zanskar mountain range of the Northwest Himalayan biogeographic zone.
  • Dachigam National Park is divided into two ecological and administrative sectors
    • Lower Dachigam (26 km2).
    • Upper Dachigam (115 km2)
  • Lower Dachigam’s altitude ranges from 1700 to 3500 m, resulting in a complex mix of vegetation types and conifers.
  • Upper Dachigam’s elevation ranges from 2000 m to approximately 4700 m, with a vegetation gradient of the subalpine forest followed by birch scrub vegetation interspersed with herb-rich grassland meadows over 3300 m. This zone gradually transitions into the area of permanent snow above 3500 m
dachigam national park hangul
dachigam national park hangul

Weather

  • The park’s climate is sub-Mediterranean, with two dry spells in April-June and September-November.
  • A year has four distinct seasons:
    • Spring (March to May)
    • Summer (June to August)
    • Autumn (September to November)
    • Winter (December to February)

RainFall

  • Two dry spells occur, one in June and another from September to November.
  • Snow is the primary source of precipitation, and it melts in some areas until June. 
  • Dachigam’s annual minimum and maximum rainfall have been calculated to be between 32 and 546 mm.

River streams

  • Furthermore, Dachigam National Park is endowed with numerous perennial streams, nallah, springs, glaciers, and the main Dachigam nallah flowing from Marshar Lake, ensuring adequate water supply throughout the year.
  • Drinking water is provided by perennial water streams and the main nallah for wild animals living in the natural habitats of Dachigam National Park. 

FAUNA

  • Dachigam National Park is home to the last genetically viable population of the Kashmir red deer, or hangul kashmir stag. Hangul can be easily spotted in winters, at the time when they hang out in the lower valleys.
    • endangered Kashmir musk deer, 
    • endangered Kashmir grey langur, 
    • near-threatened Himalayan serow, 
    • Asiatic black bear / himalayan black bear, 
    • Himalayan brown bear, and 
    • leopard.
    • Jungle Cats,
    • wild goat like the Markhor and ibex.
  • Rare birds present in park are -Cinnamon sparrows, Himalayan Monals, Kashmir Flycatcher, Black Bulbuls, and Colourful pheasants including crimson tragopan, iridescent monal pheasant, blood pheasant and the koklass pheasant.
  • Golden eagle and the bearded vulture or lammergeier can also be seen in the park.
kashmir stag
kashmir stag

Hangul – Kashmir Stag

IUCN Red List CategoryCritically Endangered
NativeIndia (Jammu-Kashmir) Dachigam National Park
Number of mature individuals100-150
ThreatsLivestock farming & ranching
Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals
War, civil unrest & military exercises
Hangul – Kashmir Stag

FLORA

  • Vegetation consists of coniferous forest of broad leaf species
  • Dachigam national Park is extremely rich in -Apricot, Walnut, Chestnut, Oak, willow, Poplar, Wild Cherry, Pear, Plum, Peach, Apple, Chinar, Birch, Pine and Elm.
  • Most of the grasslands and meadows in the park are covered with brightly coloured flowers, except in the time of winters.

FAQ

where is dachigam national park located ?

Dachigam National Park is world famous for Hangul also known as Kashmir Stag. The park is located in Srinagar district of Jammu and Kashmir in India. The name of the park literally stands for “ten villages” in the memory of ten villages that were relocated for the formation of the park.

where is dachigam national park located in india map ?

Dachigam is close to Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir, Dachigam is a mountainous region with crystalline rocks. The Dachigam National Park is roughly rectangular, 22.5 km long and 8 km wide, and covers nearly half of Dal Lake’s catchment area.

dachigam national park famous for which animal ?

Dachigam National Park is world famous for Hangul also known as Kashmir Stag.

which river flows through dachigam national park ?

Dachigam National Park is endowed with numerous perennial streams, nallah, springs, glaciers, and the main Dachigam nallah flowing from Marshar Lake, ensuring adequate water supply throughout the year.

dachigam national park
dachigam national park

Conclusion

In conclusion, Dachigam National Park is world famous for its Hangul population and must be conserved in order to protect this endangered species. The park is also a beautiful and unique natural habitat that should be enjoyed by visitors from all over the world. I encourage everyone to visit Dachigam National Park and support the conservation of its precious resources. Thank you for your time.

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