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Sariska national park and Tiger reserve
Sariska Tiger Reserve that stretches across the world’s oldest mountain range, the Aravallis. It is a resilient ecosystem with a high prey density, and it is the only place in the world where the Tiger has been successfully reintroduced after local extinction.
Because of its proximity to the National Capital, Sariska was one of the most well-known Tiger Reserves. However, tigers became locally extinct in the recent past due to poaching and other factors. Sariska is on her way back into shape. Wild tigers from Ranthambhore have been relocated to Sariska in order to repopulate it. This is the world’s first effort of its kind. The reintroduction of tigers is guided by a scientific recovery plan developed in collaboration with the National Tiger Conservation Authority and the Wildlife Institute of India.
Sariska has all three protected areas in it:
- Sariska Tiger reserve,
- Sariska National park,
- Sariska wildlife sanctuary.
- The Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary covers approximately 800 square kilometres, while the Sariska National Park covers 273 square kilometres. The Sariska Tiger Reserve covers an area of 1203.34 square kilometres.
The goal of the Sariska Tiger Reserve is to protect, restore, manage, and maintain representative biodiversity of Aravalli ranges, as well as ecological processes and gene pool conservation with a focus on Tiger and to accommodate a viable population of Tiger. The Aravalli region’s forest falls under the umbrella category of Tropical Dry Forests. It is located in the semi-arid region of Rajasthan, in the Aravalli hill range. The terrain is undulating to hilly in nature, with numerous large to narrow valleys (Sariska-Kalighati and Umri, for example), two large plateaus (Kiraska and Kankwari), and two large lakes, Mansarovar and Somasagar. Sariska’s elevation ranges from 240 to 777 metres.
It is located in the district of Alwar in the state of Rajasthan, and its area was increased from 881 square kilometres to 1213.31 kilometres after the addition of a buffer area with some part of buffer (Jamwa Ramgarh Sanctuary) in the district of Jaipur. Sariska’s vegetation is similar to that of Northern tropical dry deciduous forests and Northern tropical thorn forests. The forest is scattered and sparse over a large area on various geological and soil formations, and its composition varies greatly. Anogeissus pendula (Dhok) is the dominant species in undulating and hilly regions. Boswellia serrata (Salar) and Lannea coromandelica (Garjan) grow on steep rocky areas.
The Sariska Tiger Reserve is home to a wide range of wild mammals. The Tiger, as the name suggests, is the main predator. There are also a number of large carnivores, such as leopards and hyenas. Caracal, Jungle cat, Ratel, and other carnivores are examples of smaller carnivores.
The park’s main herbivores are Nilgai, Sambar deer, Spotted deer, Four-horned antelope, and Wild pig. The density of nilgai and sambar deer is very high throughout the Sariska Tiger Reserve. Nilgai is commonly seen in open habitats near human habitation, whereas sambar deer prefers plateaus to woodland and grassland. Spotted deer is most commonly seen in large herds, feeding on fallen Zizyphus fruits alongside common langur, the most common primate, followed by the Rhesus macaque. Both are present in large groups near the temple complexes within the park. Small Indian civet, Rufous-tailed hare, Common Mongoose, Ruddy Mongoose, Palm Civet, Pangolin, Porcupine, and other smaller mammals are also present.
Sariska is also home to a variety of bird species, including some winter migrants. It has a high density of peafowl as well as grey francolin. Sariska is home to a variety of birds, including the white-rumped vulture, painted spurfowl, Aravalli red spurfowl, Indian Cuckoo, common sand grouse, Indian pitta, great horned owl, and others.
Sariska Tiger reserve Area
- Core/critical tiger habitat : 881.11 sq.km
- Buffer/peripheral area: 322.23 sq.km.
- Total : 1203.34 sq.km.
Sariska Tiger reserve Location
- Latitudes : 27005’41” N to 270 38’55” N
- Longitudes : 76014’30” E to 76032’31” E
Sariska Tiger reserve Flora
- The vegetation of Sariska corresponds to Northern tropical dry deciduous forests and Northern Tropical Thorn forest.
- धाओ / धोक (Anogeissus pendula) is the dominant tree species covering over 40 per cent area of the forest.
- Indian frankincense (Boswellia serreta) and the Indian ash tree(Lannea coromandelica) grow in rocky patches.
- Black cutch (Acacia catechu) and bamboo are common in the valleys.
Sariska Tiger reserve Location and Geography
- As seen on the map, Sariska is located in the Aravalli Ranges, rich in minerals resources, especially Cooper.
- Though the Supreme Court of India has banned mining activities in this area, marble mining is still rampant in this zone of the Aravalli Ranges.
- As Sariska National park is located in the Aravalli Ranges, denuded over centuries, it consists of small hills and a rocky landscape.
Sariska Tiger reserve Fauna.
- Sariska is famous for its Bengal tigers, but there was a time when the tiger population became zero in the park around 2005. So efforts were made to reintroduce Tigers in the park; one male Tiger and two female tigresses were relocated to Sariska National park from Ranthambore National park in Rajasthan.
- The Government of Rajasthan, Government of India and Wildlife Institute of India and tracking support from ISRO made the relocation project a success.
- Now there are plenty of tigers in the Sariska National park.
- Other important species found in Sariska are- leopard, sambar deer, chital, hyena, jackal etc.
- The vegetation found in Sariska is mainly dry deciduous forest and scrub thorn forest.
Other Protected Areas in Rajasthan
Rajasthan is a state in Northern India. The name Rajasthan means the land of kings and the state has a long and rich history. There are five national parks in Rajasthan – Desert National Park, Ranthambore National Park, Mukundara hills national park, Keoladeo National Park and Sariska national park – which are some of the most popular National Parks in India. Each National Park has its own unique wildlife and natural attractions that make it an unforgettable experience for visitors.
|S. No.||Name of National Park||Year of Notification||Total Area (Km2)|
|1||Mukundra Hills (Darrah) National Park||2006||200.54|
|2||Desert National Park||1992||3162|
|3||Keoladeo Ghana National Park||1981||28.73|
|4||Ranthambhore National Park||1980||282|
|5||Sariska National Park||1982||273.8|
Desert National Park
The desert National park spreads 1900 km2 in Jaisalmer and 1262 km2 in Barmer district in Rajasthan, covering a total of 3162 km2
- Desert National Park (DNP) has sand dunes in the western parts and rocky and gravelly area in the remaining park area.
- DNP is a barren area with sand dunes and few hills in the north- west side.
Ranthambore National Park
- Ranthambore National Park is located in the eastern part of Rajasthan.
- It is located at the junction of two famous mountain ranges, the Aravallis and the Vindhyan hill ranges.
- Ranthambore is also endowed with big lakes, the Padam Talav, Raj Bagh, Mallik Talav are the biggest ones.
Mukundara hills national park ( Darrah National Park)
- Mukundara hills national park is also known as Darrah National park, the word ” Darrah” is a local word which literally means ” Pass”.
- This National park is a pass between two parallel mountains , Mukundra and Gagrola.
- Mukundara hills national park resides inside mukundara hills tiger reserve.
Keoladeo National Park
- Formerly known as Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary.
- UNESCO World Heritage site.
- Birds paradise.
- It is a man made wetland area. The earlier ruler of this area Suraj Mal, flooded this area by building Ajan bund, and water from nearby rivers Banganga and Gambhir was fed into this area having lowland topography.
- The keoladeo National park contains 10 artificial lagoons.
sariska tiger reserve area?
Sariska Tiger Reserve of Rajasthan have atotal area of 1203.34 sq.km.
sariska tiger reserve location?
Sariska Tiger Reserve is located in the district of Alwar in the state of Rajasthan
sariska tiger reserve map?
Sariska Tiger Reserve Map is Here.
In conclusion, the Sariska Tiger Reserve is a beautiful and important place that is worth preserving. It is the only place in the world where the Tiger has been successfully reintroduced after extinction, and it is home to a variety of other wildlife as well. The reserve is under threat from poaching and development, so it is important that we all do our part to help protect it.