Beautiful Jim Corbett National Park with MAP 2021

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Jim Corbett National Park—named after the hunter turned conservationist Jim Corbett who played a key role in its establishment—is the oldest national park in India. Jim Corbett National Park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park. It is situated in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand. It is part of the larger Corbett Tiger Reserve which was first to come under the Project Tiger initiative launched in 1973.

Jim Corbett National Park

  • Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve lies in the ecologically important Bhabar-Terai Region, on the southern part of the Shivalik Mountains in northern India. 
  • Jim Corbett National Park is located in the Kumaon and Pauri-Garhwal Regions of Uttarakhand State. 
  • The geographical extent of the area is from 78°05’E to 79°08’E longitude and 29°25’N to 29°48’N latitude.
  • Jim Corbett National Park was established as Hailey National Park in 1936 and it is India’s oldest national park.
  • The park is located in the foothills of the Central Himalayas—about 50 km northwest of Ramnagar.
  • It mainly occupies the broad Patlidoon Valley, through which the Ramganga River flows in a westerly direction.
  • The park has a high density of tigers (Panthera tigris) and a sizeable population of Asian elephants (Elephas maximus).

Geographical Features of Jim Corbett National Park

  • Patli Dun valley formed by the Ramganga river lies inside the park.
  • Park consists of hills, riverine belts, marshy depressions, grasslands and a large lake.
  • The geographical and ecological characteristics of the park have sub-Himalayan characteristics.

Flora & Fauna in Jim Corbett National Park

Jim Corbett National Park has about 110 tree species, 50 mammals species, 580 bird species and 25 reptile species.

  • Corbett Park is well known for its tiger richness.
  • Elephants
  • Leopards
  • barking deer
  • sambar deer
  • hog deer
  • Chital
  • Sloth
  • Himalayan black bears
  • Indian grey mongoose
  • Otters
  • Martens
  • Himalayan goral
  • Indian pangolins

The vegetation of the Jim Corbett National Park is a mosaic of dry and moist deciduous forest, scrub savannah and alluvial grassland. Grassland and open scrub, are also found in the Park. The most dominant and widely distributed species is Sal. Forest covers 73% area of the park and 10% of the area consists of grasslands.

Five broad vegetation communities are found in the Jim Corbett National Park:

  1. Sal – most abundant,
  2. Sal mixed forest,
  3. Riverine forest,
  4. Mixed or miscellaneous forest.
  5. Plantation.

Some common Species of these forests are:

  • Sal
  • Haldu
  • Peepal
  • Rohini
  • Mango trees.
jim corbett national park map
jim corbett national park map

Other Important protected areas in Uttarakhand are listed in the table below

National Parks in Uttarakhand

S.No.Protected AreaArea (km2)Formation Year
1Corbett National Park520.821936
2Nanda Devi National Park624.601982
3Valley of Flowers National Park87.501982
4Rajaji National Park820.421983
5Gangotri National Park2390.021989
6Govind National Park472.081990

Wildlife Sanctuaries in Uttarakhand

S.No.Protected AreaArea (km2)Formation Year
1Govind wildlife sanctuary485.891955
2Kedarnath wildlife sanctuary975.201972
3Askot wildlife sanctuary599.931986
4Sonanadi wildlife sanctuary301.181987
5Binsar wildlife sanctuary47.071988
6Mussoorie wildlife sanctuary10.821993
7Nandhaur Wildlife Sanctuary269.952012

Conservation Reserves in Uttarakhand

S.No.Protected AreaArea (km2)Formation Year
1Jhilmil Jheel Conservation Reserve37.842005
2Aasan Wetland Conservation Reserve4.442005
3Pawalgarh Conservation Reserve5.822012
4Nainadevi Himalayan Bird Conservation Reserve111.912015

Biosphere Reserve in Uttarakhand

S.No.Protected Area
1Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve

This was about the Jim Corbett National Park, to learn more about other protected areas in Uttarakhand see this article on National Parks in Uttarakhand

Useful Links

Forest department of Uttarakhand

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