Gangotri national park

Complete Gangotri National Park | 5 more National Park in Uttarakhand [MAP]

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There are total of six National Parks in Uttarakhand whose name along with their size is given in the table below. Each National Park is shown in the map and discussed in detail below, one by one. National parks in India is important topic for UPSC exam including their location, Flora & Fauna and river passing along or through the park especially.

National park in Uttarakhand

 National park in UttarakhandArea (Sq. Km.)
1Gangotri National Park2390
2Rajaji National Park820
3Nanda Devi National Park624
4Jim Corbett National Park520
5Govind National Park472
6Valley of Flowers National Park87
National park in Uttarakhand Source: Wildlife Institute Of India.

Download National Park in Uttarakhand MAP

Gangotri National Park

  • Area: 2390 Sq. Km.
  • Gangotri National Park formed in 1989
  • Gangotri National Park (GNP) is situated in Uttarkashi district of Uttarakhand in the upper catchment of Bhagirathi River
  • Elevation ranges from 1800 mt. to 7083 mt. which formes diverse biomes, from subtropical vegetation  to alpine meadows.
  • The Gangotri National Park (GNP) area forms a continuity between Govind National Park and Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary.
  • The Gangotri glacier, the origin of river Ganga, is located within GNP.
  • The GNP landscape major vegetation is alpine scrub, also forests of kharsu oak and betula are found in patches in the lower and higher elevation areas of the park respectively.
  • Major geographical features of the Gangotri National Park (GNP) are:
    • High ridges
    • Deep gorges
    • Precipitous cliffs
    • Rocky craggy glaciers
    • Narrow valleys 
  • In the lower elevation of the park we see Subalpine Conifer Forest
  • On the higher elevation Alpine Shrub and Meadows.
  • Common vegetation in Gangotri National Park
    • Chir pine
    • Deodar
    • Fir
    • Spruce
    • Oak
    • Rhododendron 
  • Various rare and endangered species are found in Gangotri National Park
    • Snow leopard
    • Tiger
    • Bharal or blue sheep
    • Black bear & Brown bear
    • Himalayan Monal
    • Himalayan Snowcock
    • Himalayan Thar,
    • musk deer
    • Ibex
  • The birds and found in Gangotri National Park are
    • Bulbul
    • Doves
    • Himalayan Barbet
    • Parakeet
    • Partridges
    • Pheasants

Jim Corbett National Park

  • Area: 520.80 Sq. Km.
  • It is the oldest national park in India
  • Formed in 1936 as Hailey National Park to protect the endangered Bengal tiger.
  • It is located in Nainital district of Uttarakhand, Corbett National Park, got its name in 1957 after Jim Corbett, the famous naturalist and photographer, who played a key role in its establishment.
  • It is part of the larger Corbett Tiger Reserve which was first to come under the Project Tiger initiative launched in 1973.

Geographical Features:

  • Patli Dun valley formed by the Ramganga river lies inside the park.
  • Park consists of hills, riverine belts, marshy depressions, grasslands and a large lake.
  • Geographical and ecological characteristics of the park has sub-Himalayan charecterstics.

Flora & Fauna

  • Jim Corbett National Park has about 110 tree species, 50 mammals species, 580 bird species and 25 reptile species.
    • The Corbett park is well known for its tiger richness.
    • Elephants
    • Leopards
    • barking deer
    • sambar deer
    • hog deer
    • Chital
    • Sloth
    • Himalayan black bears
    • Indian grey mongoose
    • Otters
    • Martens
    • Himalayan goral
    • Indian pangolins
    • crocodiles and gharials
  • Vegetation: Dense moist deciduous forest mainly consists of
    • Sal
    • Haldu
    • Peepal
    • Rohini
    • mango trees.
  • Forest covers 73%  area of the park and 10% of the area consists of grasslands. 

Challenges faced by Jim Corbett National Park in current time: increase in tourist activities present a serious challenge to the park’s ecological balance.

Gangotri national park
Gangotri national park

Rajaji National Park

  • Area: 820 Sq. Km.
  • Rajaji is second tiger reserve in the Uttarakhand after the Corbett Tiger Reserve.
  • The Rajaji National Park forms the core area of the Rajaji Tiger Reserve.
  • Situated to the east of Haridwar in three districts of Uttarakhand: Haridwar, Dehradun and Pauri Garhwal.
  • Lies in Shivalik ranges of Uttarakhand endowed with Sal forest and bamboo shoots. 

Flora & Fauna

  • It is famous as an elephant habitat  
  • Bengal tiger
  • Indian Leopard
  • mountain goat, Goral.
  • Sloth bear
  • Himalayan black bear
  • Jackal
  • Barking deer
  • Sambhar
  • Wild boar
  • Rhesus macaque
  • Indian langur
  • Indian porcupine

Major Vegetation:

  • Major Vegetation is broadleaved deciduous forests, scrubland, grasslands and pine forests.
  • Example
    • Sal
    • Palash
    • Rohini
    • Arjun
    • khair

Nanda Devi National Park

  • Area: 624.60 Sq. Km.
  • established in 1982.
  • The Nanda Devi National Park is situated near to the peak of Nanda Devi India’s second highest mountain (7816 meters) in Uttarakhand
  • Nanda Devi National Park together with nearby Valley of Flowers National Park to the northwest, was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1988.
  • Nanda Devi National Park covers an area of 624 Sq. Km. and along with Valley of Flowers National Park it forms the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve totalling a protected area of 2,236.74 Sq. Km. which is surrounded by the buffer zone of area 5,148.57 Sq. Km.
  • Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve is part of the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves since 2004
  • Within the Nanda Devi National Park lies the Nanda Devi Sanctuary which is a glacial basin surrounded by peaks of height between 6,000 metres and 7,500 metres
  • This Park is drained by the river Rishi Ganga through the Rishi Ganga gorge, one of the deepest in the world.

Flora & Fauna

  • Himalayan musk deer
  • mainland serow
  • Himalayan tahr
  • snow leopard
  • Himalayan black bear.

Major Vegetation

  • Meadows of alpine flowers
  • Fir
  • Birch
  • rhododendron
  • juniper

Govind National Park

  • Area: 472 Sq. Km.
  • The Govind National Park lies in Uttarakashi district in Uttarakhand
  • It was established on 1st  March 1955.
  • The park creates an upper water catchment of River Tons which is an important tributary of the Yamuna.
  • Within the park is the Har-ki-dun valley which is a famous tourist spot.
  • Snow Leopard Project first started here by the Government of India
  • Govind National Park is one of the remaining strongholds in the Himalayas of the bearded vulture

Flora & Fauna

The animals and bird species of the Park are

  • Himalayan snow leopard,
  • Himalayan black bear,
  • brown bear,
  • musk deer,
  • bharal
  • Himalayan tahr
  • serow
  • monal pheasant
  • bearded vulture
  • golden eagle,
  • western tragopan
  • steppe eagle
  • black eagle

Major Vegetation

  • Govind National Park have western Himalayan broadleaf forests at its lowest elevations, which transit to western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests and western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows at its higher elevations within the Park, examples are:
  • Conifers species as
    • blue pine
    • silver fir
    • Spruce
    • yew
  • Deciduous species such as
    • oak
    • maple
    • walnut
    • horse chestnut
    • hazel and
    • rhododendron

Valley of Flowers National Park

  • Area: 87 Sq. Km.
  • Located in Chamoli District of Uttarakhand
  • Valley of Flowers National Park is set in the backdrop of the mighty Himalayan Ranges.
  • Valley of Flowers National Park is a world heritage site, the valley is situated at a very remarkable area, that is the conjunction point of Western and Eastern Himalayas.            
  • The National Park lies completely in the temperate alpine zone

Flora & Fauna

  • The density of wild animals in the valley is not very high but most of the animals found are rare or endangered, example are:
    • Red giant flying squirrel
    • Himalayan black bear
    • red fox
    • Himalayan weasel
    • Himalayan yellow-throated marten
    • Himalayan goral,
    • musk deer
    • Himalayan tahr
    • Serow
    • Goral
    • Bharal blue sheep

Flowers found in the National Park are mostly

  • Orchids
  • Poppies
  • Primulas
  • Marigold
  • Daisies
  • Anemones
  • Sub-alpine forests consisting of birch and rhododendron covers parts of Valley of Flowers National Park’s area

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