mekong ganga cooperation

Mekong Ganga Cooperation in 2021- Detailed

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Mekong Ganga Cooperation (MGC)

  • India’s policy towards its neighbours is based on ‘Neighbourhood First’ and  Mekong Ganga Cooperation is a step toward that direction.
  • The aim of Neighbourhood First policy is to come across its neighbours as a country which is growing economically and strategically and willing to share its prosperity with them, as India believes that a prosperous neighbourhood means prosperous and secured India.
  • The success of India’s Act East policy, economic integration with the South East region, development of North East, progress of Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) all are related in its aim to Mekong-Ganga Cooperation.

Members Nations

The MGC is an initiative by six countries – India and five ASEAN countries- Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam

Download Mekong Ganga Cooperation map


It was launched in 2000 at Vientiane, Lao PDR.


  • Cooperation in tourism, culture, education, as well as transport and communications.
  • Both the Ganga and the Mekong are civilizational rivers, and the MGC initiative aims to facilitate closer contacts among the people inhabiting these two major river basins.
  • The MGC is also indicative of the cultural and commercial linkages among the member countries of the MGC down the centuries.
Mekong Ganga Cooperation
Map of Ganga and Mekong river

Recent Meetings

  • Joint Ministerial Meeting of the 10th MGC -August 02, 2019
  • 12th Mekong Ganga Cooperation Senior Officials’ Meeting-September 03, 2020

Mekong Ganga Cooperation (MGC) Plan of Action (2019-2022)

This Plan of Action implements the goals of the MGC Partnership for the years (2019-2022) by laying out activities to be undertaken by all parties to further deepen and enhance cooperation in the MGC priority sectors.

Cooperation Areas decided in Plan of Action

  • Cultural Cooperation
  • Tourism Cooperation
  • Cooperation in Education
  • Cooperation in Public Health and Traditional Medicine
  • Cooperation in Agriculture and Allied Sectors
  • Cooperation in Water Resources Management
  • Cooperation in Science and Technology
  • Cooperation in Transport and Communications
  • Cooperation in MSMEs
  • Skill Development and Capacity Building
  • Quick Impact Projects Scheme

Want to Learn more about MGC refer to Officil Government of India website here

International Organisation for UPSC 
OPEC Countries | OPEC+ and India in 2021Mekong Ganga Cooperation
Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure 2021World Bank UPSC- 2021
BIMSTEC in 2021 Detailed 
Important Schemes 2021 
National Policy for Rare Diseases 2021Unique Land Parcel Identification Number system
Gram Ujala schemePM Atma Nirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana
New IT and Social Media Rules 2021 
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