National Parks in Himachal pradesh

5 National Parks in Himachal pradesh | Great Himalayan National Park + 4 [MAP]

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There are total of 5 National Parks in Himachal Pradesh which are listed in table below with their size.

National Parks in Himachal pradesh

S.NoNational Parks in Himachal pradeshArea (Sq. Km.)
1Great Himalayan National Park754.50
2Pin Valley National Park675
3Khirganga National Park
710
4Inderkilla National Park104
5Simbalbara National Park27.88

Download National Parks in Himachal Pradesh Map

Great Himalayan National Park

  • located in Kullu region in Himachal Pradesh.
  • GHNP is in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites
  • This National park is at junction of world’s two major faunal regions:
    • the oriental (Indomalayan) to the south 
    • Palaearctic to the north.
  • the upper mountain glacial and snow meltwater is source of several rivers, and the catchment area of various rivers whose water supplies are vital to millions of downstream users.
  • The glacial and snow melt water in the upper mountains of the Park is source of various headwater tributaries to the River Beas:
    • Sainj, Jiwa Nal and Tirthan Rivers -westerly flowing 
    • Parvati River flowing north-westerly
  • the Great Himalayan National Park have preserved the forests and alpine meadows of the Himalayas ranges which is sustaining a unique biota comprised of many distinct high altitude-sensitive ecosystems.
  • The rugged topography and inaccessibility of the park along with its location inside a much larger ecological complex of protected areas surrounding it have ensured its integrity.
  • The temperate forest flora-fauna of the Great Himalayan National Park is considered as the western most extension of the Sino-Japanese Region.
  • The high elevation mountains in the park with height upto 4100 meters houses a diversity of zones with have their own representative flora and fauna which include alpine, glacial, temperate, and sub tropical forests.

Flora and Fauna

  • GHNP is home to these rare species
    • rarest Himalayan blue poppy,
    • the western Tragopan 
    • the Himalayan tahr.
  • World Wide Fund for Nature have listed various parts of the Himalayas ranges in their Global list of 200 critical ecosystems (since 2001) and GHNP is within one of them.
  • GHNP provides protection for four globally threatened mammals
    • Snow leopard,
    • serow,
    • himalayan tahr,
    • musk deer,
  • three globally threatened birds
    • Western tragopan,
    • koklas,
    • cheer pheasants
  • GHNP is also a part of Conservation International’s  34 biodiversity hotspots of Himalayan region.
  • world’s largest known population of the western tragopan is also found in the upper part of GHNP
  • Great Himalayan National Park consists of thick forests of three major oak types ­‒ Ban, Mohru and Kharsu which contribute to the continuity of the various regional hydrologic cycle and helps maintain the water quality and quantity for millions of people on the Indian plains.
  • The park’s high altitudes areas above 3500 meters are home to the
    • Bharal (blue sheep),
    • snow leopard
    • Himalayan brown bear
    • tahr
    • musk deer.
  • Precipitation in GHNP is moderate for most of the year and plenty during the monsoon
  • During winters in GHNP snow is common at lower heights, while higher elevations receives snowfall of over two meters.
National Parks in Himachal pradesh
National Parks in Himachal pradesh

Pin Valley National Park

  • located within the Lahaul and Spiti district
  • Pin valley national park is situated in the desert of the Spiti Valley which lies within the Cold  Desert Biosphere Reserve
  • The park has an area of 675 Sq. Km. as core zone and 1150 Sq. km as buffer zone.
  • Pin River flows through the valley of park.
  • The Pin Valley park was listed as a national park in 1987.

Flora

  • The vegetation can be demarcated into three main zones
    • Dry Temperate Zone from 3276 mt. to 4,200 mt.
    • Alpine Zone from 4200 mt. to 4800 mt.
    • Zone of Perpetual Snow above 4800 mt.
  • Major plant species are Juniper & Birch trees, Populus Spp.,etc.

Fauna

  • Pin Valley National Park have trans-Himalayan flora and fauna
  • Most important Animals of the Pin Valley National Park
    • leopard
    • snow leopard,
    • Siberian ibex,
    • bharal,
    • weasel,
    • red fox,
    • blue sheep,
    • marten
  • It is home to birds like
    • pika,
    • snow cock,
    • bearded vulture,
    • chukor,
    • golden eagle,
    • griffon,
    • Himalayan chough 
    • raven.

Population of Park

  • Buddhist Tibetan culture is evident architecturally in monasteries and stupas, and in the daily living of its residents and lamas in the areas around park.
  • There are about 17 villages situated along the periphery of the pin valley national park
  • 17 Dogharies (Summer settlements) with some cultivation are also located inside the pin valley park. These Dogharies are used as summer residences by these local people.
  • The Chham dance and Buchen dance by the Lamas are famous dances in the valley.
National Parks in Himachal pradesh
National Parks in Himachal pradesh

Khirganga National Park

  • Area 710 Sq. Km.
  • Located in the Parvati river Watershed.
  • Situated at a height 5500 meter
  • Khirganga National Park was formed in the year 2010.
  • The Khirganga National Park has its boundary with the Great Himalayan National Park
  • Species like wild bears are found here.

Inderkilla National Park

  • established in 2010.
  • Inderkilla National Park spread over an area of 104 sq. Km.

Simbalbara National Park

  • Established in 1958 as the Simbalbara Wildlife Sanctuary
  • In 2010, it became a national park
  • The Simbalbara National Park is spread across 27.88 sq km
  • Simbalbara National Park features thick Sal forests alongwith grassy undergrowth
  • Species such as Goral, Chittal, Himalayan black bear, Sambhar, Spotted Deer, Hanuman langurs, Indian muntjacs are found here.

Learn more about Himachal pradesh parks on Forest department website of Himachal pradesh


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