This article will dive into the recently created organisations under the department of Space in India, which will include the Indian Space Association (ISpA), Indian National Space Promotion and Authorisation Centre (IN-SPACe),New Space India Limited (NSIL). According to ISRO, the current size of the global space economy is about USD 360 billion. However, India accounts for only about 2% of the space economy with a potential to capture 9% of the global market share by 2030. You can also download the ISRO Organisational Structure from link at the end of article.
Table of Contents
- Space-related activities in India were started with the setting up of the Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) in 1962.
- However, The Indian space programme began in November 1969 with the establishment of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
- India created the Space Commission and established the Department of Space (DOS) in June 1972 and brought ISRO under the Department of Space in September 1972.
- Department of Space performs the responsibility of promoting the development of space science, technology and applications towards achieving self-reliance and assisting in the all-around development of India.
Now let’s look at the new agencies in Indian Space Industry one by one;
Indian Space Association
- The Indian Space Association (ISpA) was formally launched by Prime Minister Of India on 11th October 2021.
- Indian Space Association is an industry body that represents various stakeholders in the Indian space Industry.
- ISpA is represented by leading Indian and global corporations which have advanced capabilities in space and satellite technologies.
- ISpA plans to work in very close coordination with IN-SPACe to further the space vision of the Government of India
Composition of Indian Space Association
- Its founding members include
- Bharti Airtel,
- Larson & Toubro,
- Nelco (Tata Group),
- Walchandnagar Industries
- Alpha Design Technologies.
- Other core members include
- Godrej, Hughes India, BEL, Centum Electronics, Maxar India, Ananth Technology Limited, Azista-BST Aerospace Private Limited.
Functions of Indian Space Association
- The Indian Space Association will engage with stakeholders across the Space domain ecosystem for the formulation of an enabling policy framework that fulfils the Government of India vision.
- ISpA will also work towards making global linkages for the Indian space industry which will help to bring in critical technology and investments into India and will create more high skill jobs.
- ISpA also plans to work in very close coordination with IN-SPACe to further the space vision of the Government.
Indian National Space Promotion and Authorisation Centre (IN-SPACe)
The government of India has launched in the year 2020 the Indian Space Promotion and Authorisation Centre (IN-SPACe) to promote private investment and innovation in the Indian space industry.
- IN-SPAC have its own legal, technological, activity promotion and monitoring directorates and its Board comprise members from the private industry, academia and Government of India.
- It will act as a national nodal agency for boosting and promoting private industry in the space domain and help private players.
IN-SPACe facilitates and support the Private Sector in these ways:
- Provide technical support
- Share cash-intensive facilities with Private Industry
- Allow establishing temporary facilities in Department of Space premises
- Allow Private players to bid for requirements coming from New Space India Limited (NSIL)
- Partner with them in science and space exploration missions
IN-SPACe is the Institutional and Regulatory mechanism established by the Government of India to facilitate greater private participation. Financial provisions are not covered under this mechanism.
Private players can participate in the following spheres:
- Building satellites
- Building launch vehicles
- Carry out launches
- Develop Applications & provide space-based services
- Develop subsystem and systems for space sector activities
New Space India Limited
- NSIL Enables Indian Space Industry to scale up to high-technology manufacturing base for space programme by technology transfer mechanisms and so that it can cater to emerging global commercial small satellite launch service market.
- Enable Indian Space industry to provide satellite services for various domestic and international application needs
- NSIL enables space technology spin-offs for the betterment of mankind through industry interface.
- NSIL differs from ISRO’s other commercial arm Antrix:
- Antrix is ISRO’s commercial arm which deals with satellites and launches vehicles for foreign customers.
- NSIL works for capacity building of the local Space industry for space manufacturing.
- NSIL Owns satellites for Earth Observation and Communication applications and then it provides space-based services.
- NSIL Builds satellites and launches them as per demand.
- NSIL also Provides Launch Services for satellites belonging to customers.
- NSIL builds launch vehicles and empowers the Indian Space Industry by Technology Transfer.