Amrabad tiger reserve has an area of 2,800 Sq. Km. in the districts of Mahbubnagar and Nalgonda of Telangana, is the second-largest tiger reserve in India in 2021. It was earlier a part of Nagarjunasagar – Srisailam Tiger Reserve but, post-bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh in 2004, the northern part of the Tiger reserve was transferred to Telangana and renamed as Amrabad Tiger Reserve. The southern portion of the Reserve which continues to be NSTR is with Andhra Pradesh. There are an estimated 23 tigers in these forests which are frequently seen on camera trappings installed by the forest department.
Amrabad Tiger Reserve
Amrabad Tiger Reserve lies in the Nallamalla Hills in Telangana and one can reach the Amrabad tiger Reserve by taking the road from Hyderabad to Srisailam.
Before the separation of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh in 2014, Amrabad Tiger Reserve was part of India’s largest tiger reserve. Despite the division, it still happens to be India’s second-largest tiger reserve, next only to its partner Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve. Together they form what is probably India’s largest protected dry forest.
You can read about All 52 Tiger reserves in India with Map
Amrabad Tiger Reserve Forest is home to the largest number of Tigers in Telangana State. It is a mystifying landscape of lofty hills and cavernous valleys, perennial rivers. The hilly terrain of this Tiger Reserve with deep valleys and gorges forms the catchment of the Krishna River.
The Nallamala hills where the Amrabad Tiger Reserve lies, is a landscape that is recovering after over two centuries of degradation by the British and the Nizam of Hyderabad. This area has presence of Chenchu Tribe.
Chenchus are a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group. They are forest dwellers of the Nallamala forests
National Parks in Telangana
|S.N.||Protected Areas of Telangana||Area in km2|
|1||Kasu Brahmananda Reddy NP||1.43|
|2||Mahaveer Harina Vanasthali NP||14.59|
|7||Lanja Madugu Sivaram WLS||29.81|
|9||Amrabad WLS (Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam)||2166.28|
- The Chenchu Tribe is a very small nomadic forest tribe who wanders across the bordering area of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Odisha in search of livelihood.
- The origin of name Chenchu have two interpretation
- It is said that ‘Chenchu’ is a person who lives under a ‘Chettu’ (tree).
- Another interpretation is related to Chenchu’s habit of eating mice (Chenchu).
- The Chenchus and Yanadis, a tribe of Andhra Pradesh is believed to have descended from the same ethnic stock.
- History reveals that Chenchu tribals are the first dwellers of the Andhra region much before the Dravidians.
- According to a belief the Chenchus were employed by the kings of the south India to protect the river Krishna and Tungabhadra.
- In Odisha, they are largely found in the undivided Koraput district.
- Chenchu tribals mainly inhabit the Nallamalai Hills in the southeastern India comprising parts of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh.
- These tribes claim that the female deity Brahma Rambha of Srisailam belongs to their community.
- These tribals speak a language of their own called ‘Chenchu” and it belongs to the Dravidian language family
- Chenchus are nomadic, forest-dwelling, forest-dependent tribe of hunters and food gatherers, So in the past they used to live in caverns or under the shady trees.
- With time they also evolved and now they live in small huts, situated at the edge or interiors of forests to facilitate food gathering.
- Also Now, these tribal community is gradually shifting to marginal agriculture and allied activities.
Some Rituals of Chenchu Tribe
- Chenchu practice early marriage and prefer cross-cousin marriage.
- Chenchu either bury or cremate the dead and observe mourning for ten days. Purificatory rites are held on the 3rd and the 10th day after death.
- They worship a number of deities and observe rituals and festivals.
- The dances they perform have no religious significance but are performed for recreation.
Which is the largest tiger reserve in India?
NSTR-Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve in Andhra Pradesh with an area of 3,728 km² is the largest tiger reserve of India as of 2021. After the Bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh in 2004, the reserve also got divided into two, Amrabad Tiger reserve in Telangana and NSTR in Andhra Pradesh.
Which is the second largest tiger reserve in India?
Amrabad tiger reserve, spread over 2,800 sq km in the districts of Mahbubnagar and Nalgonda, is the second-largest tiger reserve in India. It was earlier part of Nagarjunasagar – Srisailam Tiger Reserve (NSTR) but, post-bifurcation in 2004, the northern part of the reserve is vested with Telangana and renamed as Amrabad Tiger Reserve.
Which is the 51st Tiger Reserve in India?
Meghamalai in Tamil Nadu was declared as the 51st Tiger reserve in India in 2021. But the latest declared Ramgarh Vishdhari Tiger Reserve (RVTR) in Bundi district of Rajasthan is the 52nd and latest Tiger reserve of India
Which is the smallest tiger reserve in India?
Bor tiger reserve in Maharashtra is the Smallest Tiger Reserve in India, with a size of 138 sq km.