Assam Map, Assam Map Drawing, Assam Map District wise, Assam Map with District, Assam Map in India.
Assam Map with District
Assam Map Drawing
Assam Map in India
National park in Assam map
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Assam, located in the northeastern region of India, is a state rich in culture and history. It is the gateway between India and Southeast Asia with its diverse range of religions, ethnicities and languages. Assam has a wide variety of attractions both natural and man-made that draw visitors from far and wide. Its lush tea gardens, lush greenery, wildlife sanctuaries and ancient temples are just some of the reasons why people visit this charming state.
India is one of the most popular worldwide tourism destinations.
In India, tourism is a tremendously promising business. India is a nation with several tourist attractions and appealing qualities. India is renowned for its culture, history, legacy, and natural riches. There are a substantial number of domestic and international tourism destinations in every State and territory of the union.
Assam is a state in the northeastern region of India, south of the eastern Himalayas, along the Brahmaputra and Barak Valley. Assam is renowned for its tea and silk. This is where the first oil well in Asia was drilled. There is evidence of human habitation from all eras of the Stone Age in Assam and neighbouring places. The hills between 1,500 and 2,000 feet (460 and 615 m) in height were likely preferred habitats because of the availability of tool-making-useful dolerite basalt. (Assam Map, Assam Map Drawing, Assam Map District wise, Assam Map with District, Assam Map in India.)
Assam is one of India’s 29 states and is located in the northeast. The State has an area of 78,550 square kilometres and a population of 31,169,272. Assam is bordered by Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, and Meghalaya, six of the Seven Sister States. These states are linked to the rest of India by the Siliguri Corridor in West Bengal, sometimes known as the “Chicken’s Neck.” Bhutan and Bangladesh also have international boundaries with Assam. Assam’s capital city is Dispur.
Assam’s main official languages are Assamese and Bodo. Additionally, Bengali, Nepali, Missing, Karbi, and Dimasa are often spoken in this State. Excellent physical infrastructure and a literacy rate of 73.18% contribute to the State’s high standard of living.
Physiography (Mountain and Forest) (Mountain and Forest)
Assam is dependent on the ancestral river Brahmaputra for its survival. It precedes the Himalayas in age. With its tributaries, the river with steep gorges and rapids in Arunachal Pradesh that enters Assam gets braided and forms a flood plain.
The eroded and dissected hills of Karbi Anglong, North Cachar, and the vicinity of Guwahati are remnants of the South Indian Plateau system. In the south, the Barak, which originates in the Barail Range (Assam-Nagaland boundary), runs through a 25-30 mile (40-50 km) broad valley in the Cachar region before entering Bangladesh as the Surma.
Importantly, Assam encompasses three of India’s six physiographic divisions: the Northern Himalayas (Eastern Hills), the Northern Plains (Brahmaputra plain), and the Deccan Plateau (Karbi Anglong). As the Brahmaputra runs through Assam, the temperature is chilly and rainy for the most of the month. According to geomorphological research, the Brahmaputra, the lifeblood of Assam, is an older river than the Himalayas.
The river with steep gorges and rapids in Arunachal Pradesh that enters Assam becomes braided (sometimes 10 mi/16 km wide) and, together with its tributaries, forms a flood plain. (Assam Map, Assam Map Drawing, Assam Map District wise, Assam Map with District, Assam Map in India.)
Climate The climate is characterised by intense monsoon downpours that reduce summer temperatures and cause frequent afternoon fog throughout winter nights and mornings. Spring (March to April) and autumn (September to October) often have moderate rainfall and temperatures. The agriculture of Assam is mostly dependent on the south-west monsoon rainfall.
As far as climate is concerned, Assam enjoys a lovely climate. There are four seasons, including winter, summer, spring, and fall.
• In the summer, the temperature ranges between 35 and 38 degrees Celsius. • In the winter, the temperature drops to a low of 6 to 8 degrees Celsius, and there is significant precipitation and high humidity. The spring season starts in March and continues through April.
• The autumn season is often nice with modest precipitation. The season runs from September to October.
Assam has tropical rainforests, deciduous forests, riverine grasslands, bamboo orchards, and many wetland habitats, many of which are now protected as national parks and reserved forests.
Assam has saved the one-horned Indian rhinoceros, the pygmy hog, the tiger, and countless species of birds from extinction, and also offers one of the remaining natural homes for the Asian elephant. Both Manas and Kaziranga are World Heritage Sites. In the past, the State’s Sal tree forests and forest products were severely reduced. As a region with abundant rainfall, Assam is verdant.
Assam’s flora is very rich in orchid species, and the Foxtail orchid is the state flower. The newly constructed Kaziranga National Orchid and Biodiversity Park is home to more than 500 of India’s estimated 1,314 orchid species.
Assam has petroleum, natural gas, coal, limestone, magnetic quartzite, kaolin, sillimanites, clay, and feldspar, among other minor minerals. In western areas, a modest amount of iron ore is accessible. All of the largest petroleum-gas deposits discovered in 1889 are located in the Upper portions. Recent USGS estimates indicate that the Assam Geologic Province has 399 million barrels (63,400,000 m3) of oil, 1,178 billion cubic feet (3.34×1010 m3) of gas, and 67 million barrels (10,700,000 m3) of natural gas liquids.
There is evidence of human habitation from all eras of the Stone Age in Assam and neighbouring places. The presence of exposed, tool-making-useful doleritic basalt likely made the 1,500-2,000-foot-tall hills desirable habitats.
What is State known for?
Assam is especially well-known for its natural beauty. The environment consists of tea plantations, the Brahmaputra River, and several ancient sites and temples.
Assam, one of the most significant cities in India, is well linked to the majority of the country’s other cities by roads, trains, and aeroplanes. As Assam is the entrance to North East India, the development of the State’s transport and communication sector is essential for the rapid economic growth of the area.
Assam’s Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi Airport is an international airport. There are also the Dibrugarh Airport, the Jorhat Airport, the Lilabari Airport, the Rupsi Airport, the Silchar Airport, and the Tezpur Airport.
The primary responsibility of the Public Works Department (PWD) is to maintain the State’s infrastructure fortransportation and communication, as well as residential and non-residential accommodation facilities. For the rapid development of the State, the Assam PWD (Roads wing) is primarily responsible for improving road communication through the construction and maintenance of roads, bridges, and culverts.
Railways The Ministry of Railways has undertaken a number of development projects in the Railway Sector of the State, including the extension of a railway line to connect Assam to Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, and Mizoram.
Time zone, Currency, and District Count
All states in India share the same time zone, known as the Indian standard. Time +5:30 The Indian rupee serves as the country’s official currency. The Reserve Bank of India regulates the issuance of the currency. The new symbol for the Indian rupee, 7 INR, is derived from Devanagari. On July 8, 2011, the first series of coins bearing this new rupee symbol was released.
The State of Assam is divided into 32 districts. The old ones are Barpeta, Bongaigaon, Cachar, Darrang, Dhemaji, Dhubri, Dibrugarh, Goalpara, Golaghat, Hailakandi, Jorhat, Karbi Anglong, Karimganj, Kokrajhar, Lakhimpur, Marigaon, Nagaon, Nalbari, Dima Hasao, Sibsagar, Sonitpur, Tinsukia, Kamrup, Kamrup Metropolitan, Baksa, Udalguri, Chirang.
Historical Monuments/ Architecturally Significant Building / Mansions
The monuments in Assam are visited by several people all over the world. Some of the most famous monuments of Assam are Raidongia Dol, Bangalpukhari Tank and Sibsagar Tank.
• Raidongia Dol is situated in the Larua mouza near the Dihing – Barbaru Road in Dibrugarh District of Assam. A large pond is adjacent to the dol. The dol measures about 45 feet above water and 150 feet below. There are 14 statues on the walls.
• Assam’s Bangalpukhari Tank is a historical tank situated south of the town of Jorhat near Na-Ali. The tank’s history goes back to 1739 during the Saka period. Badan Barphukan was slain by Rupsinghh Bangal during the month of Shravan in the same year, while he was about to take a bath here.
• Sibsagar Tank is an outstanding landmark in the historic city of Sibsagar. It is a large artificial lake, situated in the heart of the town, built two centuries ago by Queen Madambikaand. The water level in the tank is raised slightly above ground level. It covers an area of 120 acres and is fed by natural springs. The tank is surrounded by deep ditches and earthen moats.
The most famous Hill Stations of Assam are Diphu, Umrangshu, Jatinga, Haflong
Diphu is the district headquarters for Karbi Anglong and is 271 kilometres from Guwahati via road. Guwahati is accessible through N. F. Railway and State Transport buses. Dimapur Airport is 54 kilometres away.
Umrangshu The road distance between Guwahati and Umrangshu is 224 kilometres. North East Electric Power Corporation (NEEPCO) has constructed the largest hydroelectric facility by constructing dams on the Kopili River. Near Umrangshu is a hot spring (GARAMPANI) whose water is believed to have curative properties.
Jatinga is located 9 kilometres from the district capital of North Cachar Hills, Haflong. Jatinga is renowned for its bird mysteries. The arrival of migrating birds from August to November is an ornithologist’s favourite time of year. From the tall observation tower, one can observe them submitting to their dying desire and shedding their feathers.
Haflong Haflong is the only hill station in Assam, perched above rough terrains from where one can view the rainbow in the valley below. It is the District Administration Center for the North Cachar Hills District. The “Haflong Lake” is a lovely, large lake situated in the centre of the city of Haflong. Haflong is 345 kilometres by road from Guwahati, which is served by N. F. Railway and State Transport buses.
Zoo / Parks / Jungles / Garden
Cole Park is a very picturesque city park located in the heart of Tezpur Town, Cole Park has been recently renamed as the Chitralekha Udyan. This dream project of Mr. Cole, a former British Deputy Commissioner of Assam, Cole Park features some of the finest specimens of sculptural remains of the 9th century. Housing two massive stone pillars and remains of an ancient palace, this city park also showcases a water-body in the form of a lake where small rowing and paddle boats are allowed.
Assam State Zoo cum Botanical Garden is also known as the ‘Guwahati Zoo’, the Assam State Zoo cum Botanical Garden spread over 130 hectares of land is located within the Hengrabari Reserved Forest area on the RGB Road at a distance of 5 kilometres from the Guwahati Railway Station. It is a wonderful picnic spot with a good collection of wildlife which is equally enjoyed by the adults and the children. Visited by over 500,000 visitors every year, it is one of the most frequented tourist destinations in Guwahati.
Wildlife sanctuary and National Parks
Important wildlife sanctuaries and national parks of Assam are, • Kaziranga National Park Located beside the powerful Brahmaputra River, the Kaziranga National Park encompasses around 430 square kilometres. Kaziranga park is Assam’s oldest national park. This park is famous for its one-horned rhinoceros. However, amid the towering elephant grass and rough reeds, marshes, and small ponds, several additional creatures are concealed.
These species are an integral element of the park’s intricate biological balance. Elephants, Indian bison, Swamp Deer, Sambar, Hog Deer, Sloth Bear, Tiger, Leopard. Leopard Cat, Jungle Cat, Hog Badger, Capped Langur, Hoolock Gibbon, Jackal, Goose, Hornbill, Ibis, Cormorants, Egret, Heron Fishing Eagle, and a number of other species inhabit this region.
• Manas National Park is well-known for its magnificent tigers. In Assam, this park is the sole Project Tiger site. This park has sub-Himalayan hills as its backdrop. This one-of-a-kind world heritage site provides one of the most captivating experiences due to its natural beauty and abundance of wildlife. 360 kilometres include Manas Park’s primary region. Manas is particularly renowned for its population of the country’s sole population of the rare golden langur. Frequently seen among the towering trees.
Other than the Tiger, the Hispid Hare, Pigmy Hog, and Golden Langur are uncommon species of animals found in the park. In this park, you may easily witness elephants, rhinoceroses, wild buffalo, wild boar, sambar, swamp deer, and hog deer, among other wildlife.
• Orang Wild Life Sanctuary It is situated on the north bank of the Brahmaputra. This park is located 150 kilometres from Guwahati and 32 kilometres from Tezpur. Saloni & Rangapara are the closest and nearest railheads, respectively. The park’s little rest house makes it preferable to stay in Tezpur and visit this park.
• Pabha or Milroy Wildlife Refuge Pabha Sanctuary covers an area of 49 square kilometers. This Sanctuary was established to safeguard the wild water buffalo. The Chief Conservator of Forests, Wildlife, Zoo- Narengi Road, Guwahati, Assam, can provide additional information.
• Sonai Rupai Conservation Area Sonai Rupai Wildlife Sanctuary encompasses 175 square kilometres, somewhat bigger than Pabha Sanctuary. Sonitpur District is situated along the foothills of the Himalayas. This park has both scenic beauty and unique animals. It is home to elephants, Indian bison, and several other bird and animal species.
The most famous palace, museums, forts that are present in Assam are Rang Ghar, Talatal Ghar
Rang Ghar is one of the most important attraction from the states of the Assam. It is considered to be one of the most important and the oldest amphitheatre in the Asia and is well known as the Colosseum of the East. It is located in the north east region of the Tolatol Ghar that lies in the Joysagar area of the Sibsagar District.
Talatal Ghar is known as one of the former capital of the Kingdom of Ahom. It was established by the Ahom Empire in the period of 17th C. by the Swargeo Rudra Singha. After this they built a palace inside the city made up of wood and the material similar to that of wood. In the later period, his descendant Rajeshwara Singha added a few more storeys in the palace near about 7 storeys.
Haflong is an attractive hill station from which one may view the rainbow in the valley below. Jatinga, which is renowned for the mysterious occurrence of migrating birds “committing mass suicide,” is barely 9 kilometres from Haflong.
The hub of the ancient city of Sibsagar is the Sibsagar tank, which is 200 years old. One of the three temples, Shivadol, is said to be the tallest Shiva temple in India.
Majuli Island, located in the middle of the Brahmaputra River, is the biggest river island in the world. Majuli has about 15 Vaishnava monasteries or satras. Assam attracts a large number of visitors due to its tremendous variety of wild life. With the exception of Africa, arguably no other region in the world has such a wide diversity of species.
Hajo may be described as a synthesis of Hinduism, Islam, and Buddhism, since it has a number of well-known temples, including a mosque constructed by Pir Giasuddin Aulia named Poa Mecca and the temple of Hayagrib Madhab, which holds the remains of Lord Buddha.
Temple, Churches, Mosque, Jain
The State of Assam is famous for its beautiful temples. Some of the famous temples are Kamakhya Temple, Nabagraha Temple, Umananda Temple, Madan Kamdev, Satra.
Kamakhya Temple This mighty Shakti Temple of Mother Goddess Kamakhya is perched above the picturesque Nilachal Hills, overlooking the mighty Brahmaputra River. In the inscription on Samudragupta’s Allahabad pillar, the largest temple of tantric Shaktism is mentioned. During Ambubashi and Manasha Puja, devotees from over India go to this sacred site.
Nabagraha Temple The nine-planet temple is located atop Chitrachal Hill in Guwahati, Assam. It was claimed to have been an important centre for the study of astronomy and astrology in ancient times. This is another reason why Guwahati is known as Pragjyotishpur, or the city of eastern astrology.
Umananda Temple In Guwahati, Assam, the large Shiva temple is located on Peacock Island in the midst of the Brahmaputra. During Shiva Ratri, it gathers people from all around the nation. One may reach the temple by taking a country boat from Guwahati’s mainland across the river.
Madan Kamdev Just forty kilometres from the huge city of Guwahati, Madan Kamdev is a riddle, a wonder, a miracle, and, in the words of Omar Khayam, “a curtain I could not see through.” The genesis of these beautiful archaeological remains are poorly understood. On this topic, written history is almost mute, leaving much space for speculation and guesswork.
Satra Assam’s Vaishnavism is distinguished by the Satra Institution, which was founded by Sankardeva, the patriarch of Assamese culture. Satras are monasteries that propagate the religion of Neo-Vaishnavism. In addition, they were educational and dissemination hubs for the practise of harmonious living.
Shopping / Handicraft / Malls / Business centres
Since the State is traditionally rich in handicrafts, shopping in Assam is a delightful experience. Wide range of handicrafts is available in Assam. Assam also excels in traditional handloom products. Assam is well known producer of exclusive silks.
• Handmade toys made from clay, cork (pith), wood and bamboo and an admixture of cloth and mud • Silk fabric of various types like – Muga (the golden silk exclusive only to this State), Paat, Eri
• Handloom products like Laichampi (quilt-like material) • Cane and bamboo work • Decorative items in bell metal and brass • Furniture made of bamboo and cane • Tribal arts, including masks bhaonas • Products of bell metal • Assam Tea Festivals/ Dance / Music
The festivals that are celebrated in Assam are, • Bohag Bihu or Rongali Bihu • Magh Bihu or Bhogali Bihu • Kati Bihu or Kongali Bihu • Majuli Festival • Elephant Festival • Tea Festival • Dehing Patkai Festival • Brahmaputra Festival • Majuli Festival
The most important educational hubs of Arunachal Pradesh are Assam University, Gauhati University, Dibrugarh University, Assam Medical College, Guwahati Medical College, Assam Agricultural University, Assam Engineering College, K.K. Handique State Open University, Jorhat Engineering College, Jorhat Institute of Science & Technology.
Assam’s hotels provide a variety of lodging options. There are a range of hotels at every tourist area in the state. A comprehensive list of hotels in Assam accommodates every budget and preference, whether it five-star luxury category hotels, medium-sized boutique hotels with a unique personality, or economy class hotels with minimal facilities.
• Hotel Brahmaputra Ashok • Ginger Hotel • Hotel Nandan • Hotel Nova • Hotel Dynasty • Hotel Landmark • Hotel Vishwaratna • Hotel President Tourist Dept. Office / Conducted Tourist operators / Guide facility.
The most popular tour operators in Assam are, • Directorate of Tourism – Assam • Ashoka Holidays Pvt. Ltd. • Assam Holidays • My Voyage • Purvi Discovery (P) Ltd.
Each tourist operator has their own special guide, for describing all the information about the specialty of the places.
The hospital in Assam provides a 24-hours services to the people so that they can get immediate medical help in times of necessity. The telephone or the helpline numbers of the hospital of Assam are largely instrumental in this context.
Some of the Premium and government hospitals that are available at any time are, • Central Nursing Home • City Hospital & Research Centre • International Hospital • Srimanta Sankardeva Hospital & Research Centre • Wintrobe Hospital
Cinema Halls /Film Cities • Anupama Cinema • Pragjyoti Cinema • Vandana Cinema • Urvasi Cinema • Udeshna Cinema • Rupashree Cinema
Assamese cuisine is the cuisine of the north-eastern Indian state of Assam. It is a fusion of the cooking practises of the hills, which favour fermentation and drying as methods of food preservation, and those of the plains, which supply fresh vegetables and an abundance of fish from its numerous rivers and ponds; both of which are centred on rice. It is a combination of many indigenous styles, with significant regional variances and some foreign influences.
Security and safeguards
There are several essential aspects of a trip. It is not a choice, but rather a necessary precaution that must be done while travelling anyplace.General safety and precautions are, • First aid tool kid is the most important one that everyone has to carry while travelling.
• Travelling at night is unsafe.
• Keep a photocopy of your passport and all other important documents in a safe place.
• Don’t share taxis with strangers.
• Make a note of emergency exits, stairwells, fire escapes and emergency plans at hotels.
• And always have local police and ambulance number to make emergency call.